Takuo Shirakura

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Nuclear-coded valyl-tRNA synthetase (ValRS) of eukaryotes is regarded of mitochondrial origin. Complete ValRS sequences obtained by us from two amitochondriate protists, the diplomonad, Giardia lamblia and the parabasalid, Trichomonas vaginalis were of the eukaryotic type, strongly suggesting an identical history of ValRS in all eukaryotes studied so far.(More)
A partial nucleotide sequence of the mRNA encoding a major part of elongation factor 1 alpha (EF1 alpha) from a mitochondria-lacking protozoan, Giardia lamblia, was reported, and the phylogenetic relationship among lower eukaryotes was inferred by the maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony methods of protein phylogeny. Both the methods consistently(More)
The effects of hyperthermal stress on the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems were examined in five healthy subjects who took a 3-min 47 degrees C hot-spring bath. After a 3-min 47 degrees C bath, the sublingual temperature was transiently increased about 1.8 degrees C, returning to the baseline level within 60 min. The plasma level of plasminogen(More)
Myeloma cells obtained from 33 patients were analyzed by electron microscopy to determine whether there is any correlation among ultrastructural characteristics of myeloma cells, drug response, and prognosis. The median survival time after diagnosis of responders (18 cases) and nonresponders (15 cases) was more than 423 days and 139 days, respectively.(More)
To investigate the behaviour of red cells in the microcirculation, we established a new capillary method using narrow fluorinated ethylenepropylene copolymer tubes with internal diameters of 12.5 and 25.0 microns. Red cell flow in the tubes under a given range of pressure was analysed through a video system connected to a microscope. The experimental(More)
Partial DNA regions encoding a major part of translation elongation factor 2 (EF-2) from a mitochondria-lacking protozoan, Entamoeba histolytica, were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and their primary structures were analyzed. The deduced amino acid sequence was aligned with other eukaryotic and archaebacterial EF-2's, and the phylogenetic(More)