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Hepatic microsomal biotransformation of phenol to hydroquinone and catechol has been investigated with special reference to the covalent binding to microsomal protein of reactive metabolites formed during microsomal metabolism of phenol. Incubation of [14C]phenol with microsomes from phenobarbital-treated rat liver in the presence of an NADPH-generating(More)
Two major volatiles produced by the mycelia and fruiting bodies of Tricholoma matsutake (1-octen-3-ol and methyl cinnamate) repel a mycophagous collembolan, Proisotoma minuta. Aggregation of the collembolans on their diet was significantly inhibited by exposure to 1 ppm methyl cinnamate or 10 to 100 ppm 1-octen-3-ol. The aggregation activity decreased(More)
In general, mycoviruses are transmitted through hyphal anastomosis between vegetatively compatible strains of the same fungi, and their entire intracellular life cycle within host fungi limits transmission to separate species and even to incompatible strains belonging to the same species. Based on field observations of the white root rot fungus, Rosellinia(More)
A colony-print immunoassay (CPIA) using an anti-dsRNA antibody was developed to visualize the distribution of four unrelated mycoviruses with dsRNA genomes, a partitivirus (RnPV1), mycoreovirus (RnMyRV3), megabirnavirus (RnMBV1), and an unidentified virus (RnQV1), in mycelia of the white root rot fungus, Rosellinia necatrix. CPIA revealed different(More)
Guinea pigs were sensitized with 2,4-toluene diisocyanate (TDI) by a repetitive application onto the bilateral nasal vestibules once a day for 5 consecutive days. When these animals were further treated with TDI for additional 9 weeks, a number of these animals exhibited external symptoms similar to those in human asthmatics, such as labored breathing(More)
3 epoxy-resin hardeners, 4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether (DDE), 4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane (DDM), and 4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS), and their N-acetyl and N,N'-diacetyl derivatives were examined for their mutagenicity using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 as the tester stains and an S9 mix containing a rat-liver 9000 X g supernatant fraction as the(More)