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The number of water molecules in the inner-sphere (N(H2O)) was determined for Eu(III) and the strength of ligand field (R(E/M)) was evaluated for a variety of coordination environments from the luminescence lifetime and the relative intensity at 615 nm and at 592 nm, by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. When R(E/M) and deltaN(H2O) for(More)
Concentration of 11 trace elements (Ca, Sc, Cr, Fe, Co, Zn, Rb, Cs, Ba, La, and Ce) in 96 pteridophytes (fern and fern ally species) was determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis to evaluate a concentration range for each element and also to find species characteristic in the uptake of trace elements. Asplenium trichomanes was found to(More)
We investigated the effect of solution pH on the adsorption on silica of a mixture radionuclides 83Rb, 85Sr, 54Mn, 65Zn, 88Y, and 75Se generated from irradiation of Ag in a 135-MeV/nucleon 12C beam accelerated by the RIKEN Ring Cyclotron and 137Cs obtained commercially. Then, we related these findings to their uptake by a rice plant (Oryza sativa L. cv.(More)
We investigated the uptake of inorganic elements (Be, Na, Mg, K, Ca, Sc, Mn, Co, Zn, Se, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Ce, Pm, Gd, and Hf) and the effect of Ca on their uptake in carrots (Daucus carota cv. U.S. harumakigosun) by the radioactive multitracer technique. The experimental results suggested that Na, Mg, K, and Rb competed for the functional groups outside the(More)
19 HIgh-resolutIOn I5N NMR spectra of a vanety ofsohd ohgopeptIdes (X-Gly-Gly) contammg glycme resIdues have been measured, of whIch the crystal structures had already been determmed by X-ray dIffractIOn The expenmental '5N chemIcal shIfts of the glycme reSIdues were plotted agamst the N"'O hydrogen bond length and the N-H bond length m the :-C=O··· H-N;(More)
We investigated the effect of humic acid and solution pH on the uptake of the radionuclides, (83)Rb, (137)Cs, (54)Mn, (65)Zn, (88)Y, (102)Rh, and (75)Se in rice plants by the multitracer technique. The addition of humic acid to a culture medium containing SiO(2) increased the uptake of Mn and Zn at pH 4.3, whereas their uptake was decreased at pH 5.3. Humic(More)
The ability of rice plants inoculated with Pyricularia oryzae (P. oryzae) to take up trace elements was studied by the radioactive multitracer technique. Among various elements, only Mn, Co, Zn, Se, Rb, Sr, Tc, and Re were found to be transferred to rice shoots from soil. The concentrations of essential elements, Mn and Zn, in the shoots of rice plants(More)
We investigated the interactions of Pu(VI) with Bacillus subtilis, kaolinite clay, and a mixture of the two to determine and delineate the role of the microbes in regulating the environmental mobility of Pu. The bacteria, the kaolinite, and their mixture were exposed to a 4 x 10(-4) M Pu(VI) solution at pH 5.0. The amount of Pu sorbed by B. subtilis(More)
CP-MAS and CP-statIc 15N NMR spectra were measured for a vanety of solId olIgopeptIdes contammg the glycme resIdue, the crystal structures of whIch had already been determmed by Xray dIffractIOn From the results ofthe observed 15N chemIcal shIfts, It was found that the IsotroPlC 15N chemlcal shlfts «(J,so) of the glycme resldues move downfleld wlth a(More)