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We have treated undifferentiated mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells with all-trans retinoic acid (RA) to induce differentiation in vitro into neuron-like cells with good cell viability for use as a graft. Furthermore, we asked whether the RA-induced neuron-like cells restored neurological dysfunction. To this end, the cells were transplanted into right… (More)
We induced neural cells by treating cynomolgus monkey embryonic stem (ES) cells with retinoic acid. The treated cells mainly expressed betaIIItubulin. They further differentiated into neurons expressing neurofilament middle chain (NFM) in elongated axons. Half of the cells differentiated into Islet1+ motoneurons in vitro. The monkey ES-derived neural cells… (More)
The efficacy of intravenous administration of 400 mg carboplatin/m(2) body surface area over 60 minutes combined with hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) therapy (0.2 MPa for 60 min) was investigated in 6 Japanese patients (aged 36-67 years) with malignant or brainstem gliomas. Plasma ultra-filtrate samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography… (More)
Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells were transfected with a MASH1 expression vector and G418-resistant cells were selected. The MASH1-transfected cells became neuron-like appearance and expressed betaIIItubulin and panNCAM. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and galactocerebroside (GalC)-expressing cells were rarely detected. Half of the neural cells… (More)
We developed neural tube-like structures accompanying neural crest-like cells by treating embryonic stem (ES) cells with retinoic acid. The structures contained pseudostratified Nestin+Vimentin+ neuroepithelial cells surrounded by Masson staining+ basement membrane. betaIIItubulin+Synaptophysin+ mature neurons and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)+… (More)
We report a case of post-neurosurgical meningitis, subdural empyema, and cerebral abscess caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MRAB) poorly susceptible to colistin. A 49-year-old man was transferred to our hospital after surgical treatment for putaminal hemorrhage in a foreign country hospital. Several examinations revealed surgical site… (More)
We report two cases of lymphocytic infundibuloneurohypophysitis (LIH). A 32-year-old male and a 13-year-old male were admitted to our hospital because of a sudden occurrence of the diabetes insipidus (DI). MRI of both patients showed the disappearance of hyperintensity of the posterior pituitary in T1WI, pituitary stalk swelling and enlargement of the… (More)
A 22-year-old woman developed an unruptured fusiform aneurysm of the internal carotid artery 7 months after being diagnosed with Wagener's granulomatosis. Intracranial aneurysmal formation is an extremely rare complication of Wegener's granulomatosis. This rare case of intracranial aneurysm was treated by endovascular balloon occlusion.
A rare case of solitary fibrous tumor, located wholly within the fourth ventricle, is reported. A 57-year-old male presented with headache and nausea. The preoperative magnetic resonance images revealed a well circumscribed mass in the fourth ventricle that exhibited a low intensity on T1-weighted images and homogeneously enhanced with gadolinium. Vertebral… (More)
Intracerebral metastasis in osteosarcoma is extremely rare. A 14-year-old girl who had previously been operated upon for osteosarcoma of the femur presented with seizures and left hemiparesis. A right parietal lesion with calcification and brain oedema was found. After resection of the mass, pathology revealed an osteosarcoma metastasis.