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BACKGROUND Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and radical surgery, can induce premature menopause and infertility in hundreds of thousands of women of reproductive age every year. One of the ways to possibly preserve fertility before these treatments is to cryopreserve ovarian tissue for later transplantation. We aimed to restore(More)
Notwithstanding the broad success of in vitro fertilization (IVF), a failure to achieve fertilization still plagues a substantial group of patients, with sperm abnormalities the main culprit. In the 1980s, several micromanipulation procedures were adopted from animal husbandry to facilitate gamete interaction, and this resulted in the development of(More)
Appropriate semen processing and assessment are critical for successful infertility treatment. We investigated whether laboratory procedures including semen preparation and incubation affect sperm DNA integrity. A total of 153 infertile men were involved. Conventional semen parameters and sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) parameters, that is, DNA(More)
Germinal vesicle transplantation (GVT) has been proposed as a possible treatment to correct age-related oocyte aneuploidy caused by dysfunctional ooplasm. How healthy ooplasm regulates normal meiosis and subsequent development has yet to be elucidated, but impaired mitochondrial metabolism may be attributable to incomplete segregation of the oocyte(More)
BACKGROUND Aggressive immobilization of sperm prior to ICSI significantly improves fertilization rates, but the mechanism of this effect is not yet clear. This study was performed in order to assess the characteristics of mechanically immobilized human sperm by transmission electron microscope (TEM). METHODS Sperm obtained from ejaculated semen samples(More)
BACKGROUND This study describes the technical approaches used in treatment of age-related oocyte aneuploidy, the efficiency of each step of nuclear transplantation into mouse and human oocytes, and the ability of germinal vesicle (GV) transplantation to restore artificially induced ooplasmic damage. Finally, it examines the possibility of constructing(More)
The outcome of pregnancy and the developmental wellbeing of children conceived from 12,866 consecutive intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles was assessed. A total of 3277 couples delivered 5891 neonates. There was a higher than normal incidence of de-novo chromosomal abnormalities in a small sample of ICSI offspring. Controlling for maternal age(More)
The aetiology of compromised spermatogenesis is often genetic in nature. There are only a few reports of father/son cohorts that have been evaluated to assess heritability of mutations associated with male factor infertility and the psychological well-being of the children. In the present study, multiple tissues were sampled from consenting male patients(More)
BACKGROUND Germinal vesicle transplantation (GVT) provides a means of investigating interactions between karyoplasts and cytoplasts isolated from different cells. Technically, GVT can be accomplished with a high degree of efficiency without compromising the maturation of either the human or mouse oocyte nucleus. Although maturation, fertilization and(More)