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BACKGROUND Cancer treatments, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and radical surgery, can induce premature menopause and infertility in hundreds of thousands of women of reproductive age every year. One of the ways to possibly preserve fertility before these treatments is to cryopreserve ovarian tissue for later transplantation. We aimed to restore(More)
Three cDNA homologues of carbonic anhydrase with unknown biological functions have been reported: carbonic anhydrase-related proteins (CA-RP) VIII, X, and XI. In the present study, we produced monoclonal antibodies to these CA-RPs and studied their regional and cellular distributions in the human adult and fetal brains by immunohistochemical analysis. In(More)
Male reproductive performance is composed of two principal elements, copulation and spermatogenesis. A wealth of literature has described the intricate web of endocrine events underlying these biological processes. In the present study we show that puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (Psa)-deficient mice are infertile, lack copulatory behavior, and have(More)
BACKGROUND Embryonic stem cells (ESC) are pluripotent cells obtained from the inner cell mass (ICM) of blastocysts derived from in vitro culture associated with reproductive endocrinology therapy. Human ESCs are regarded as highly significant since they retain the capacity to differentiate into any of approximately 200 unique cell types. Human ESC research(More)
Background. Most patients with metastatic prostate cancer are endocrinologically treated with LHRH agonist, but finally castration-refractory and hormone-refractory cancers occur. Serum testosterone levels get low to "the castration level" by LHRH agonists but may not get low enough against castration-refractory prostate cancer. Methods. As case series,(More)
Side population (SP) cells are an enriched population of stem, and the existence of SP cells has been reported in human cancer cell lines. In this study, we performed an SP analysis using 11 human cancer cell lines and confirmed the presence of SP cells in an embryonic carcinoma cell line, NEC8. NEC8 SP cells showed characteristics of cancer stem cells,(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the regional specificity of multi-channel near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) on the detection of urination-related cortical activation in healthy men. METHODS Frontal lobe blood flow was measured non-invasively in 20 resting subjects using NIRS before and after micturition. The relative concentrations of oxyhemoglobin were(More)
Sex differences in bladder cancer pathology and epidemiology have been the focus of recent research. We investigated the epidemiological characteristics and compared bladder cancer pathology and survival between men and women in Japan. A total of 13,184 patients with primary bladder cancer diagnosed from 1954 to 2010 were identified in a large-scale cancer(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate embryonic stem cell (ESC) harvesting methods with an emphasis on derivation of ESC lines without feeder cells or sera. Using a murine model, laser-assisted blastocyst dissection was performed and compared to conventional immunosurgery to assess a novel laser application for inner cell mass (ICM) isolation. METHODS Intact blastocysts(More)