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Chondrocyte hypertrophy followed by cartilage matrix degradation and vascular invasion, characterized by expression of type X collagen (COL10A1), matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), respectively, are central steps of endochondral ossification during normal skeletal growth and osteoarthritis development. A(More)
Articular cartilage defects in the knee of young or active individuals remain a problem in orthopaedic practice. These defects have limited ability to heal and may progress to osteoarthritis. The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis among athletes is higher than in the non-athletic population. The clinical symptoms of osteoarthritis are joint pain, limitation(More)
OBJECTIVE Suppression of bone destruction is required as part of an effective therapeutic strategy for autoimmune arthritis. Although numerous antirheumatic drugs are in clinical use, little is known about whether they inhibit bone destruction by acting on activated T cells or other cell types, such as bone-resorbing osteoclasts. This study was undertaken(More)
In anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, it is more technically demanding, even for experienced surgeons, to place 2 femoral tunnels within the ACL attachment than to place 2 tibial tunnels. We describe a technique using a three-dimensional (3-D) fluoroscopy-based navigation system to place 2 femoral tunnels accurately.(More)
In order to examine if the addition of an arch support could improve the biomechanical effect of the laterally wedged insole, three-dimensional gait analysis was performed on 20 healthy volunteers. Kinetic and kinematic parameters at the knee and subtalar joints were compared among the following four types of insoles; a 5-mm thick flat insole, a flat insole(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate femoral tunnel widening (TW) and migration of the femoral tunnel aperture after anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions with hamstring grafts and bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) grafts. METHODS Of the 105 consecutive patients who underwent ACL reconstruction, the 52(More)
PURPOSE the efficacy and safety of using a suspensory button for femoral fixation in anatomical anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) graft have not been established. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate bone plug integration onto the femoral socket and migration of the bone plug and the EndoButton(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the endochondral ossification process during the skeletal growth and osteoarthritis (OA) development, we examined the signal network around CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-β (C/EBPβ, encoded by CEBPB), a potent regulator of this process. Computational predictions and a C/EBP motif-reporter assay identified(More)
The purpose of this study was to know which tunnel—the anteromedial (AM) bundle or the posterolateral (PL) bundle—should be prepared first to create the 2 femoral tunnels accurately in anatomic double-bundle (DB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Thirty-four patients were divided into 2 groups of 17 depending on the sequence of preparation of(More)