Takumi Koyama

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important components of the host innate defense system against pathogenic microbial invasion in many organisms. In the present study, we cloned by RT-PCR a cDNA from total RNA prepared from the skin of the Japanese brown frog Rana japonica. The cDNA directs the synthesis of a novel, non-C-terminally alpha-amidated peptide(More)
Two quail lines, H and L, which were developed for high (H) and low (L) antibody production against inactivated Newcastle disease virus antigen, were used to examine differences in the organization, structure and expression of the quail Mhc class IIB genes. Four Coja class IIB genes in the H line and ten Coja class IIB genes in the L line were identified by(More)
Previous studies have led to the isolation of histone H2B with antibacterial properties from an extract of the skin of the Schlegel's green tree frog Rhacophorus schlegelii and it is now demonstrated that the intact peptide is released into norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions. In order to investigate the mechanism of action of this peptide, a(More)
Using a combination of reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and the 5'- and/or 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, we cloned, from a Japanese brown frog (Rana japonica) skin total RNA preparation, cDNAs encoding biosynthetic precursors for the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) japonicin-1Ja (FFPIGVFCKIFKTC), japonicin-2Ja (FGLPMLSILPKALCILLKRKC),(More)
The T cell receptor complex consists in part of the clonally diverse disulfide-linked heterodimer containing a glycosylated a and 0 chain (molecular weight 40,000-45,000 and 42,000-44,000, respectively) (1, 2) that seems to recognize both antigen and MHC gene product determinants. The human a/o heterodimer is noncovalently associated with the clonally(More)