Takumi Akashi

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Isoflavonoids are distributed predominantly in leguminous plants and play critical roles in plant physiology. A cytochrome P450 (P450), 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase, is the key enzyme in their biosynthesis. In cultured licorice (Glycyrrhiza echinata L., Fabaceae) cells, the production of both an isoflavonoid-derived phytoalexin (medicarpin) and a(More)
The microsome of insect cells expressing CYP Ge-5 (CYP93B1), a cytochrome P450 cDNA of licorice (Glycyrrhiza echinata L.), catalyzed the formation of [14C]licodione and [14C]2-hydroxynaringenin from (2S)-[14C]liquiritigenin and (2S)-[14C]naringenin, respectively. On acid treatment, the products were converted to 14C-labeled 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone and(More)
The microsome of yeast cells overexpressing CYP81E1, a cytochrome P450 cDNA recently cloned from licorice (Glycyrrhiza echinata L., Fabaceae), catalyzed the hydroxylation of isoflavones, daidzein and formononetin, to yield 2'-hydroxyisoflavones, 2'-hydroxydaidzein, and 2'-hydroxyformononetin, respectively. The chemical structures of the reaction products(More)
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is an interstitial lung disease caused by the inhalation of organic substances and certain inorganic chemicals. The histopathologic features of chronic HP (CHP) have not been studied extensively. We examined the pathologic characteristics of 16 autopsy cases of clinically confirmed CHP and compared them with 11 cases of(More)
Glycyrrhiza echinata cell-free extract produced isoformononetin by the 7-O-transmethylation of daidzein from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM). When the yeast microsome expressing 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase was mixed with the cell-free extract and incubated with liquiritigenin and SAM, formononetin emerged. Furthermore, the cell-free extract yielded(More)
AIMS To evaluate the histological characteristics differentiating chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (chronic HP) with a usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)-like pattern from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)/UIP. METHODS AND RESULTS Surgical lung biopsy specimens from 22 patients with chronic HP diagnosed as having a UIP-like pattern upon histological(More)
Previous studies showed that apoptotic epithelial cells were involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)/usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP); however, little is known about apoptosis in chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). This study was performed to examine whether apoptosis has a role in chronic HP. We performed(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports on Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) suggest that this bacterium is prevalent in the prostate, is associated with acute and chronic prostatic inflammation, and might have a role in prostate carcinogenesis. METHODS To evaluate the pathogenic role of this indigenous bacterium, we screened for the bacterium in radical prostatectomy(More)
A 66-year-old man presented with anemia. Endoscopy revealed an elevated lesion with ulceration in the posterior wall of the lesser curvature of the lower gastric body. Endoscopic biopsy demonstrated pathological diagnosis, neuroendocrine carcinoma. A computed tomography scan showed liver metastasis and portal vein invasion. We started chemotherapy with S-1(More)
To assess whether there is an association between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and the pathological characteristics of prostate cancer. The study cohort consisted of 29 consecutive patients with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy. All patients underwent diffusion-weighted MRI before the prostate biopsy. In 42 tumor foci,(More)