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Basal and receptor-regulated changes in cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) were monitored by fluorescence analysis in individual rat pituitary gonadotrophs loaded with the calcium-sensitive dye indo-1. Most gonadotrophs exhibited low amplitude spontaneous oscillations in basal [Ca2+]i that were interspersed by quiescent periods and abolished by(More)
Single pituitary gonadotrophs exhibit episodes of spontaneous fluctuations in cytoplasmic calcium concentration [( Ca2+]i) due to entry through voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCC) and show prominent agonist-induced oscillations in [Ca2+]i that are generated by periodic release of intracellular Ca2+. Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) elicited three(More)
The presence of endothelin, a vasoconstrictor peptide, in the hypothalamus and posterior pituitary suggests that it also regulates neural and other nonvascular target cells. In pituitary gonadotrophs, low doses of endothelin evoked oscillations in the intracellular calcium concentration, and high doses induced a biphasic calcium response. Mobilization of(More)
Pituitary gonadotrophs exhibit spontaneous low-amplitude fluctuations in cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) due to intermittent firing of nifedipine-sensitive action potentials. The hypothalamic neuropeptide, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, terminates such spontaneous [Ca2+]i transients and plasma-membrane electrical activity and initiates(More)
The relationships between the activation status of voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels and secretory responses were analyzed in perfused rat gonadotrophs during stimulation by high extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]e) or the physiological agonist, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Increase of [K+]e to 50 mM evokes an on-off secretory response, with a(More)
In agonist-stimulated clonal pituitary gonadotrophs (alpha T3-1 cells), cytoplasmic calcium ([Ca2+]i) exhibited rapid and prominent peak increases, followed by lower, but sustained, elevations for up to 15 min. The [Ca2+]i response to GnRH was rapidly inhibited by prior addition of a potent GnRH antagonist. In the absence of extracellular Ca2+ the initial(More)
Endothelin (ET) receptors are present in pituitary cells and stimulate hormone release through the phosphoinositide/Ca2+ signaling system. In pituitary cell suspensions, ET caused [Ca2+]i elevations of much higher amplitudes than those induced by other vasoactive hormones, including angiotensin II, vasopressin, and noradrenalin. The action of ET was coupled(More)
In Xenopus laevis oocytes, activation of angiotensin II (AII) receptors on the surrounding follicular cells sends a signal through gap junctions to elevate cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) within the oocyte. The two major candidates for signal transfer through gap junctions into the oocyte during AII receptor stimulation are Ins(1,4,5)P3 and(More)
In cultured pituitary gonadotrophs, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) caused dose-dependent and biphasic increases in cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) and LH release. Both extra- and intracellular calcium pools participate in GnRH-induced elevation of [Ca2+]i and LH secretion. The spike phase of the [Ca2+]i response represents the primary(More)
Endothelin (ET) and GnRH act through specific receptors to promote Ca2+ mobilization and influx pathways in pituitary gonadotrophs. In the present study cytoplasmic calcium ([Ca2+]i) and secretory responses to these two agonists are compared. In single gonadotrophs, low concentrations of both agonists cause oscillatory [Ca2+]i responses after a latent(More)