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PURPOSE Detection of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis in breast cancer patients has conventionally been determined by intraoperative histopathologic examination of frozen sections followed by definitive postoperative examination of permanent sections. The purpose of this study is to develop a more efficient method for intraoperative detection of lymph(More)
The architectural distortion is a very important finding in interpreting breast cancers as well as microcalcification and mass on mammograms. However, it is more difficult for physicians to detect architectural distortion than microcalcification and mass. The purpose of this study is to develop two detection approaches for architectural distortions existing(More)
As well as mass and microcalcification, architectural distortion is a very important finding for the early detection of breast cancer via mammograms, and such distortions can be classified into three typical types: spiculation, retraction, and distortion. The purpose of this work is to develop an automatic method for detecting areas of architectural(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of sentinel lymph node biopsy on breast cancer mimicking ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a matter of debate. METHODS We studied the rate of occurrence of sentinel lymph node metastasis in 255 breast cancer patients with pure DCIS showing no invasive components on routine pathological examination. We compared this to the rate of(More)
PURPOSE Accurate assessment of metastasis in sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) of breast cancer is important but involves a heavy workload for the pathologist. We conducted a multicenter clinical trial in Japan to evaluate a new automated assay system for cytokeratin 19 mRNA, the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay (Sysmex), to detect lymph node(More)
Introduction The incidence of breast cancer has increased greatly in Japan over the past 2 decades [1], and it has been estimated that breast cancer would become the most common malignant disease in Japanese females by the year 2000 [2]. One of the main risk factors for breast cancer in menopausal women is obesity [3,4]. The increased amount of adipose(More)
BACKGROUND A standard intra-operative procedure for assessing sentinel lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients has not yet been established. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred and thirty-eight patients with stage I breast cancer who underwent sentinel node biopsy using both imprint cytology and frozen section were analyzed. RESULTS Seventeen of(More)