Takuji Ishimoto

Learn More
BACKGROUND Uric acid is an independent risk factor in fructose-induced fatty liver, but whether it is a marker or a cause remains unknown. RESULTS Hepatocytes exposed to uric acid developed mitochondrial dysfunction and increased de novo lipogenesis, and its blockade prevented fructose-induced lipogenesis. CONCLUSION Rather than a consequence, uric acid(More)
Minimal change disease (MCD) is characterized by increased urinary excretion of CD80, whereas focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is associated with increased serum soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR). The aim of the study was to assess whether the simultaneous measurement of urinary CD80 and serum suPAR helps differentiate(More)
UNLABELLED Fructose intake from added sugars has been implicated as a cause of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Here we tested the hypothesis that fructose may interact with a high-fat diet to induce fatty liver, and to determine if this was dependent on a key enzyme in fructose metabolism, fructokinase. Wild-type or fructokinase knockout mice were fed a(More)
Minimal change disease (MCD) is the most common nephrotic syndrome in children and is commonly thought to be a T-cell disorder mediated by a circulating factor that alters podocyte function resulting in massive proteinuria. We suggest that MCD is a “two-hit” disorder. As originally hypothesized by Reiser et al. in 2004, we propose that the initial hit is(More)
The intake of added sugars, such as from table sugar (sucrose) and high-fructose corn syrup has increased dramatically in the last hundred years and correlates closely with the rise in obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. Fructose is a major component of added sugars and is distinct from other sugars in its ability to cause intracellular ATP(More)
Screening for a molecular target for cancer therapy requires multiple steps, of which an important one is evaluation of the knockdown effect of the target molecule on pregrown xenograft tumors. However, methods currently used for local administration of knockdown reagents, such as short interfering RNA (siRNA), are not satisfactory as to simplicity and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that CD80 (also known as B7.1) is expressed on podocytes in minimal-change disease (MCD) and may have a role in mediating proteinuria. CD80 expression is known to be induced by Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands in dendritic cells. We therefore evaluated the ability of TLR to induce CD80 in human cultured podocytes. METHODS(More)
Diabetes is associated with activation of the polyol pathway, in which glucose is converted to sorbitol by aldose reductase. Previous studies focused on the role of sorbitol in mediating diabetic complications. However, in the proximal tubule, sorbitol can be converted to fructose, which is then metabolized largely by fructokinase, also known as(More)
Clinical studies have reported associations between serum uric acid levels and the development of diabetic nephropathy, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. There is evidence from animal studies that blocking uric acid production protects the kidney from tubulointerstitial injury, which may suggest a causal role for uric acid in the development of(More)
Fatty liver (hepatic steatosis) is associated with nucleotide turnover, loss of ATP and generation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP). It is well known that in fatty liver, activity of the AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) is reduced and that its stimulation can prevent hepatic steatosis by both enhancing fat oxidation and reducing lipogenesis. Here we show that(More)