Takuji Hosoya

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We investigated immunohistochemical differences in the distribution of TRPV1 channels and the contractile effects of capsaicin on smooth muscle in the mouse rectum and distal, transverse, and proximal colon. In the immunohistochemical study, TRPV1 immunoreactivity was found in the mucosa, submucosal, and muscle layers and myenteric plexus. Large numbers of(More)
In the gut, transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) 1 activation leads to release of neurotransmitters such as neuropeptides and nitric oxide. However, the distribution of TRPV1 nerve fibers and neurotransmitters released form sensory nerve endings in the enteric nervous system are currently not well understood. The present study investigated the(More)
Abnormalities of primary afferent nerve fibers are strongly associated with the visceral hypersensitivity state in inflammatory bowel disease. Hypersensitivity of afferent fibers occurs during inflammation. Therefore, to gain an insight into the alterations to receptors and channels expressed in primary afferent neurons, the current study aimed to(More)
Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) plays a role in esophageal function. However, the distribution of TRPV1 nerve fibers in the esophagus is currently not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the distribution of TRPV1 and neurotransmitters released from TRPV1 nerve fibers in the mouse lower esophagus.(More)
BACKGROUND Transient receptor potential channel melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents (menthol and icilin). Recent studies showed TRPM8 is expressed in visceral organs and peripheral sensory pathways. However, the role of TRPM8 in visceral hyperalgesia is poorly understood in pathological states such as inflammatory bowel(More)
In chronic inflammation, macrophages and neutrophils, which are derived from bone marrow, play a pivotal role. Therefore, reconstitution of bone marrow with anti-inflammatory stem cells may modify inflammation. In this study, transplantation-based gene therapy was applied to glomerular inflammation for a long-lasting suppression of the glomerular damage(More)
Iodination of the isolated thyroglobulin (Tg) by peroxidase was compared with various Tg preparations obtained from patients with thyroid diseases. For the purpose, the iodination process was observed in the incubation medium containing Tg, iodide, H2O2-generating system, and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) or lactoperoxidase (LPO). During the incubation,(More)
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