Takuji Hosoya

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We investigated immunohistochemical differences in the distribution of TRPV1 channels and the contractile effects of capsaicin on smooth muscle in the mouse rectum and distal, transverse, and proximal colon. In the immunohistochemical study, TRPV1 immunoreactivity was found in the mucosa, submucosal, and muscle layers and myenteric plexus. Large numbers of(More)
Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) plays a role in esophageal function. However, the distribution of TRPV1 nerve fibers in the esophagus is currently not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the distribution of TRPV1 and neurotransmitters released from TRPV1 nerve fibers in the mouse lower esophagus.(More)
Abnormalities of primary afferent nerve fibers are strongly associated with the visceral hypersensitivity state in inflammatory bowel disease. Hypersensitivity of afferent fibers occurs during inflammation. Therefore, to gain an insight into the alterations to receptors and channels expressed in primary afferent neurons, the current study aimed to(More)
Diet has a significant effect on immune and inflammatory responses. To date, no studies have described how consumption of a diet containing a relatively high amount of cheese affects immune responses and the inflammatory status of the body. We examined these responses in normal mice and mice with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis associated with(More)
Consumption of a Lactobacillus helveticus SBT2171 (LH2171)-containing cheese has been reported to exhibit immunoregulatory actions, including an increase in regulatory T cell population and reduction in proinflammatory cytokine production in mice. We examined the in vitro effects of LH2171 cells per se on immune cell function, specifically proliferation and(More)
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