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Although 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is an important drug for colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment, no useful biomarker is currently available to predict treatment response. Since 5-FU is converted into active or inactive forms by orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) or dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), a correlation between these enzymes and response to(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of FOLFOX4 using "wait and go" strategy in treating metastatic colorectal cancer. METHODS The conventional FOLFOX4 was repeated every 2 weeks. We waited until the recovery of symptoms from persistent neurotoxicity within an added period of 2 weeks, before performing the next cycle ("wait and go" strategy). (More)
Fosfomycin (FOM), a drug with unique mechanism of action against bacteria, was prospectively compared with cefmetazole (CMZ) and flomoxef (FMOX) to assess its effectiveness in preventing postoperative infections after upper gastroenterological and hepatobiliary surgery. FOM (2g/dose), CMZ (1 g/dose), or FMOX (lg/dose) was infused intravenously 2-3 times(More)
Bacteria isolated from infections in abdominal surgery during the period from April 2008 to March 2009 were investigated in a multicenter study in Japan, and the following results were obtained. In this series, 712 strains including 18 strains of Candida spp. were isolated from 173 (80.5%) of 215 patients with surgical infections. Three hundred and(More)
Bacteria isolated from surgical infections during the period from April 2009 to March 2010 were investigated in a multicenter study in Japan, and the following results were obtained. In this series, 671 strains including 16 strains of Candida spp. were isolated from 174 (79.1%) of 220 patients with surgical infections. Four hundred and eleven strains were(More)
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