Taku Yamashita

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BACKGROUND Cyclin D1 has been reported to be associated with poor prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS FISH was performed on 58 patients. Thirty-two received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) as primary treatment and 21 with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPC) received chemoradiotherapy. RESULTS CCND1(More)
In this retrospective cohort study, we evaluated the oncological and functional outcomes of transoral videolaryngoscopic surgery (TOVS). Using distending laryngoscope and videolaryngoscope, wide operative field and working space could be obtained and tumor could be resected in en bloc. Sixty patients with T1, T2, and selected T3 laryngeal or pharyngeal(More)
Cytoglobin (Cgb) was discovered a decade ago and is a fourth member of the group of hexacoordinated globin-folded proteins. Although some crystal structures have been reported and several functions have been proposed for Cgb, its physiological role remains uncertain. In this study, we measured cyanide binding to the ferric state of the wild-type (WT) Cgb,(More)
Dos from Escherichia coli is a bacterial gas sensor protein comprising a heme-containing gas sensor domain and a phosphodiesterase catalytic domain. Using a combination of static light scattering and gel filtration experiments, we established that, as are many other sensor proteins, the full-length protein is dimeric. The full-length dimer (association(More)
Activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a transcriptional factor that regulates the expression of various genes associated with tumor invasion and migration. The purpose of our study was to assess the therapeutic effects of a novel selective AP-1 inhibitor, T-5224, in preventing lymph node metastasis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in an orthotopic(More)
AIM To assess the clinicopathological significance of the histological growth pattern (HGP) and α-actinin-4 (ACTN4) expression in thyroid cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We classified 83 thyroid cancer cases into infiltrative margin (IM) and pushing margin (PM) groups according to peripheral tumor margin contour and immunohistochemically determined ACTN4(More)
OBJECTIVE Although first line therapy of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children is adeno-tonsillectomy, the indications for this operation have not yet been clearly established. We investigated whether pulse-oximetry is useful for determining the optional treatment modality for pediatric SDB. METHOD Two hundred and thirty-two children presenting(More)
Human MTH1 (hMTH1) is an enzyme that hydrolyses several oxidized purine nucleoside triphosphates to their corresponding nucleoside monophosphates. Crystallographic studies have shown that the accurate mode of interaction between 8-oxoguanine and hMTH1 cannot be understood without determining the positions of the H atoms, as can be observed in neutron and/or(More)
Cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) is an important redox partner of microsomal CYPs. CPR is composed of a membrane anchor and a catalytic domain that contains FAD and flavin mononucleotide (FMN) as redox centers and mediates electron transfer to CYP. Although the CPR membrane anchor is believed to be requisite for interaction with CYP, its physiological role(More)
Oral mucositis induced by radiation or chemoradiation can cause devastating quality of life issues for patients undergoing treatment for head and neck cancer. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of a traditional Japanese medicine—Hangeshashinto (TJ-14)—for (chemo)radiation-induced oral mucositis. Eighty patients who underwent whole neck radiation of(More)