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An Ets-related E1A-F has been characterized as an enhancer-binding protein for the adenovirus E1A gene. Here we show, in transient expression assays, that E1A-F can activate three different subclasses of the matrix metalloproteinase gene promoters. Expressions of the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene under the control of stromelysin,(More)
The transposon Tn10-encoded tetracycline resistance protein functions as a metal-tetracycline/H+ antiporter (Yamaguchi, A., Udagawa, T., and Sawai, T. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 4809-4813). The Ser65-Asp66 dipeptide is conserved in all known tetracycline antiporter proteins and is an important target for site-directed mutagenesis. When Asp66 was replaced by(More)
The importance of negatively charged residues in transmembrane helices of many cation-coupled transporters has been widely demonstrated. Four Asp residues were located in the putative transmembrane helices of the Escherichia coli Na+/H+ antiporter, NhaA. We replaced each of these Asp residues by Asn in plasmid encoded nhaA and expressed these constructs in(More)
Yeast mutants in which genes encoding subunits of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase were interrupted were assayed for their vacuolar ATPase and proton-uptake activities. The vacuoles from the mutants lacking subunits A (72 kDa), B (57 kDa), or c (proteolipid, 16 kDa) were completely inactive in these reactions. Immunological studies revealed that in the absence of(More)
The gene (iam) coding for isoamylase (glycogen 6-glucanohydrolase) of Pseudomonas amyloderamosa SB-15 was cloned. Its nucleotide sequence contained an open reading frame of 2313 nucleotides (771 amino acids) encoding a precursor of secreted isoamylase. The precursor contained a signal peptide of 26 amino acid residues at its amino terminus and three regions(More)
It has been known that pinealocytes contain the highest level of D-aspartate among various neuroendocrine cells in the rat. Here, we report that exogenous D-aspartate strongly inhibited norepinephrine-dependent melatonin synthesis in the rat pineal gland, the concentration required for 50% inhibition being 75 microM. This inhibition was due at least partly(More)
Forty-one mutants were isolated by means of random PCR mutagenesis of the Escherichia coli Na+/H+ antiporter (nhaA), which could not support the growth of a nhaAnhaB mutant (HIT delta AB-) on plates containing 0.15 M LiCl (pH 7.5) or 0.65 M NaCl (pH 8.0). Most of the mutants were sensitive to both NaCl and LiCl, or to LiCl alone. DNA sequencing revealed(More)
Sodium azide inhibited multi-site (steady-state) ATPase activity of E. coli F1 more than 90%, but did not affect uni-site (single-site) ATPase activity. Thus azide inhibited multi-site ATPase activity by lowering catalytic cooperativity. Consistent with this observation, azide changed the ligand-induced fluorescence response of aurovertin bound to F1.
We have investigated protein-protein interaction between distinct domains of the human CD45 cytoplasmic region using a yeast two-hybrid system. Consequently, we have found that the spacer region between two tandem PTP domains specifically interacts with the membrane-distal PTP domain (D2). This interaction is mediated by a stretch of amino acid residues in(More)