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In small mammals, muscles with shorter twitch contraction times and a predominance of fast-twitch, type II fibers exhibit greater posttetanic twitch force potentiation than muscles with longer twitch contraction times and a predominance of slow-twitch, type I fibers. In humans, the correlation between potentiation and fiber-type distribution has not been(More)
OBJECT Our objective was to investigate the effect of a long-term moderate exercise program on cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity in healthy children. METHODS Three hundred and five children aged 6-11 years participated in a 12-month school-based exercise training program (130-140 bpm, 20 min/day, 5 days/week). Cardiac ANS activities were(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether reaction time (RT) for the peripheral visual field increases at exercise intensity above the ventilatory threshold (VT) during incremental exercise and to examine the relationship between aerobic capacity and the extent of increase in the RT. Nine healthy subjects performed a simple manual RT task(More)
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the electrophysiological manifestations of selective fast motor unit (MU) activation by electrical stimulation (ES) of knee extensor muscles. In six male subjects, test contraction measurement at 40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) was performed before and at every 5 min (5, 10, 15 and 20 min) during 20-min(More)
The brain is capable of oxidizing lactate and ketone bodies through monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). We examined the protein expression of MCT1, MCT2, MCT4, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), and cytochrome-c oxidase subunit IV (COX IV) in the rat brain within 24 h after a single exercise session. Brain samples were obtained from sedentary controls and(More)
SHORT TITLE: B2 receptor of bradykinin, exercise and insulin sensitivity 2 Summary Bradykinin can enhance skeletal muscle glucose uptake (GU), and exercise increases both bradykinin production and muscle insulin sensitivity, but bradykinin's relationship with post-exercise insulin action is uncertain. Our primary aim was to determine if the B2 receptor of(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the responses of the mechanomyogram (MMG) from two apparently different muscles (biceps brachii and soleus) during a sustained voluntary contraction at 50% maximum voluntary contraction. The MMG and surface electromyogram (EMG) were recorded from human biceps brachii and soleus during sustained elbow flexion and(More)
The present study examined, whether or not mechanomyogram (MMG) amplitude and frequency component could reflect the contractile properties of the triceps surae muscles, composed of relatively slow soleus (SOL) and fast medial gastrocnemius (MG), during experimentally induced hypothermia condition. In eight male subjects, lying in prone position,(More)
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