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The aim of the present study was to elucidate the electrophysiological manifestations of selective fast motor unit (MU) activation by electrical stimulation (ES) of knee extensor muscles. In six male subjects, test contraction measurement at 40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) was performed before and at every 5 min (5, 10, 15 and 20 min) during 20-min(More)
The present study examined, whether or not mechanomyogram (MMG) amplitude and frequency component could reflect the contractile properties of the triceps surae muscles, composed of relatively slow soleus (SOL) and fast medial gastrocnemius (MG), during experimentally induced hypothermia condition. In eight male subjects, lying in prone position,(More)
The present study is designed to investigate how and to what extent sympathovagal behavior in a balanced low-calorie diet relates to favorable changes of body mass, waist circumference, and/or metabolic risk factors. The study involved 28 mildly obese women without clinical complications, who underwent an 8-week calorie restriction program using a(More)
The brain is capable of oxidizing lactate and ketone bodies through monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). We examined the protein expression of MCT1, MCT2, MCT4, glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), and cytochrome-c oxidase subunit IV (COX IV) in the rat brain within 24 h after a single exercise session. Brain samples were obtained from sedentary controls and(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the thermic effect of food (TEF) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity in obese boys. Ten obese (9.2+/-0.4 years) and 13 lean boys (8.8+/-0.4 years) were examined for energy expenditure and fat oxidation measured via indirect calorimetry for 3 hours after a high-carbohydrate (HC; 70% carbohydrate,(More)
This study investigated whether the -3826 A-->G nucleotide variant of the uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) gene is correlated with postprandial thermogenesis after a high fat meal in children. Healthy boys, aged 8-11 yr, were examined for resting energy expenditure and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM), which were measured by indirect calorimetry for 180 min(More)
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) has been implicated in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism including actions such as insulin-independent glucose transport, glucose transporter 4 expression, and fatty acid utilization in skeletal muscle. These effects are similar to the exercise-induced and 5'adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(More)
5'Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been implicated in exercise-induced stimulation of glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle. Although skeletal muscle expresses both the alpha1 and alpha2 isoforms of AMPK, the alpha2 isoform is activated predominantly in response to moderate-intensity endurance exercise in human and animal muscles.(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to determine the effect of prior exercise on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake with physiological insulin in isolated muscles of mice. Male C57BL/6 mice completed a 60-min treadmill exercise protocol or were sedentary. Paired epitrochlearis, soleus, and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles were incubated with(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Morus alba (mulberry) leaf is a natural therapeutic agent that has been shown to have an antidiabetic effect. We explored the possibility that 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is involved in metabolic enhancement by the Morus alba leaf. MATERIALS AND METHODS Isolated rat epitrochlearis muscle was incubated in a buffer containing(More)