Learn More
The crystal structure of rat liver S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (AdoHcyase, EC 3.3.1.1) which catalyzes the reversible hydrolysis of S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) has been determined at 2.8 A resolution. AdoHcyase from rat liver is a tetrameric enzyme with 431 amino acid residues in each identical subunit. The subunit is composed of the catalytic(More)
Glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) from rat liver is a tetrameric enzyme with 292 amino acid residues in each identical subunit and catalyzes the S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) dependent methylation of glycine to form sarcosine. The crystal structure of GNMT complexed with AdoMet and acetate, a competitive inhibitor of glycine, has been determined at 2.2 A(More)
1. Human liver contains a rather high level of glycine N-methyltransferase. 2. The enzymes from human, rat, rabbit and pig livers are all tetramers and exhibit positive cooperativity toward S-adenosylmethionine and Michaelis-Menten kinetics toward glycine. The [S]0.5 values for S-adenosylmethionine and glycine of the rat enzyme are considerably lower than(More)
Glycine N-methyltransferase (S-adenosyl-l-methionine: glycine methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1.20; GNMT) catalyzes the AdoMet-dependent methylation of glycine to form sarcosine (N-methylglycine). Unlike most methyltransferases, GNMT is a tetrameric protein showing a positive cooperativity in AdoMet binding and weak inhibition by S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy).(More)
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase, a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme, catalyses the interconversion of serine and glycine, both of which are major sources of one-carbon units necessary for the synthesis of purine, thymidylate, methionine, and so on. Threonine aldolase catalyzes the pyridoxal phosphate-dependent, reversible reaction between threonine and(More)
Rat liver S-adenosylhomocysteinase (EC 3.3.1.1) is inactivated by diethyl pyrocarbonate. The inactivation is first order in enzyme and in reagent, and a second-order rate constant of 77 M-1 min-1 is obtained at pH 6.9 and 0 degree C. The rate of inactivation is dependent on pH, and the pH-inactivation rate data show the involvement of a group with a pK of(More)
Glycine N-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.20) catalyzes the transfer of the methyl group of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) to glycine to form S-adenosylhomocysteine and sarcosine. Unlike most AdoMet-dependent methyltransferases, glycine N-methyltransferase is a tetramer of identical subunits. Crystallography of recombinant rat glycine N-methyltransferase(More)
Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) has been found in various pathogenic bacterial species and causes a cell distending and a G2 arrest against eukaryotic cells. All the cdtABC genes, which encode CDT, are known to be required for the CDT activities although the CDT holotoxin structure has not been elucidated. We cloned the cdtABC genes of Actinobacillus(More)
Rat liver cDNA libraries constructed in lambda gt11 were screened for reactivity with polyclonal antibodies to native S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase (adenosylhomocysteinase; EC 3.3.1.1). Five clones were isolated and sequenced. The amino acid sequence, deduced from the cDNA sequence, contained the sequence of eight peptides obtained by tryptic(More)
Five cDNA clones encoding rat liver guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (S-adenosyl-L-methionine: guanidinoacetate N-methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1.2) were isolated from a lambda gt11 cDNA library by use of a polyclonal antibody to the purified enzyme. Sequence analysis of the longest cDNA indicated that it consisted of 711 base pairs (bp) of coding region, 51(More)