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Studies of both survival after sepsis and sperm motility in human populations have shown significant associations with common European mitochondrial DNA haplogroups, and have led to proposals that mitochondria bearing haplogroup H have different bioenergetic capacities than those bearing haplogroup T. However, the validity of such associations assumes that(More)
We had previously isolated a facultatively anaerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrobaculum calidifontis strain VA1. Here, we found that strain VA1, when grown under aerobic conditions, harbors high catalase activity. The catalase was purified 91-fold from crude extracts and displayed a specific activity of 23,500 U/mg at 70 degrees C. The enzyme exhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of causative genes in mendelian forms of Parkinson's disease is valuable for understanding the cause of the disease. We did genetic studies in a Japanese family with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease to identify novel causative genes. METHODS We did a genome-wide linkage analysis on eight affected and five unaffected(More)
Mutations in PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) cause a recessive form of Parkinson's disease (PD). PINK1 is associated with mitochondrial quality control and its partial knock-down induces mitochondrial dysfunction including decreased membrane potential and increased vulnerability against mitochondrial toxins, but the exact function of PINK1 in(More)
The authors report a case with two mycotic aneurysms in the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery, presumably secondary to a transient bacteremia from pneumonia. The strikingly rapid development of the aneurysms was demonstrated by angiography. Painful total ophthalmoplegia and extophthalmos were the main clinical features.
RATIONALE Caloric restriction (CR) confers cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the exact mechanism(s) underlying CR-induced cardioprotection remain(s) unknown. Recent evidence indicates that Sirtuins, NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases, regulate various favorable aspects of the CR response. Thus, we hypothesized that deacetylation of(More)
Somatic mutations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been reported in different types of cancers and are suggested to play roles in metastasis, cancer development and response to anticancer agents. To predict potential roles of mtDNA alterations in colorectal cancer, we determined the entire mtDNA sequence of eleven human-derived colorectal cancer cell lines(More)
Mutations in PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) cause recessive forms of Parkinson's disease (PD). PINK1 acts upstream of parkin, regulating mitochondrial elimination (mitophagy) in cultured cells treated with mitochondrial uncouplers that cause mitochondrial depolarization. PINK1 loss-of-function decreases mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in(More)
A number of alternations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been reported in different types of cancers, and the role of mtDNA in cancer has been attracting increasing interest. In order to investigate the relationship between mtDNA alternations and chemosensitivity, we constructed cybrid (trans-mitochondrial hybrid) cell lines carrying a HeLa nucleus and(More)
exact mechanism(s) underlying CR-induced cardioprotection remain(s) unknown. Recent evidence indicates that Sirtuins, NAD ؉-dependent deacetylases, regulate various favorable aspects of the CR response. Thus, we hypothesized that deacetylation of specific mitochondrial proteins during CR preserves mitochondrial function and attenuates production of reactive(More)
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