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White adipocytes are unique in that they contain large unilocular lipid droplets that occupy most of the cytoplasm. To identify genes involved in the maintenance of mature adipocytes, we expressed dominant-negative PPARgamma in 3T3-L1 cells and performed a microarray screen. The fat-specific protein of 27 kDa (FSP27) was strongly downregulated in this(More)
A novel, facultatively aerobic, heterotrophic hyperthermophilic archaeon was isolated from a terrestrial hot spring in the Philippines. Cells of the new isolate, strain VA1, were rod-shaped with a length of 1.5 to 10 microm and a width of 0.5 to 1.0 microm. Isolate VA1 grew optimally at 90 to 95 degrees C and pH 7.0 in atmospheric air. Oxygen served as a(More)
The mitochondrial ubiquitin ligase MITOL regulates mitochondrial dynamics. We report here that MITOL regulates mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane (MAM) domain formation through mitofusin2 (Mfn2). MITOL interacts with and ubiquitinates mitochondrial Mfn2, but not ER-associated Mfn2. Mutation analysis identified a specific interaction(More)
We had previously isolated a facultatively anaerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrobaculum calidifontis strain VA1. Here, we found that strain VA1, when grown under aerobic conditions, harbors high catalase activity. The catalase was purified 91-fold from crude extracts and displayed a specific activity of 23,500 U/mg at 70 degrees C. The enzyme exhibited(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of causative genes in mendelian forms of Parkinson's disease is valuable for understanding the cause of the disease. We did genetic studies in a Japanese family with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease to identify novel causative genes. METHODS We did a genome-wide linkage analysis on eight affected and five unaffected(More)
This study was designed to elucidate physiological changes of skeletal muscle mitochondria from broiler chickens (Gallus gallus) during chronic heat exposure. Chickens (19-day-old) were exposed to either constant heat stress (34 degrees C) or kept at control temperature (24 degrees C) for 14days. Mitochondrial ROS production for control group showed little(More)
RATIONALE Caloric restriction (CR) confers cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the exact mechanism(s) underlying CR-induced cardioprotection remain(s) unknown. Recent evidence indicates that Sirtuins, NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases, regulate various favorable aspects of the CR response. Thus, we hypothesized that deacetylation of(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) was purified from a facultatively aerobic hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrobaculum calidifontis VA1. The purified native protein from aerobically grown cells exhibited 1,960 U of SOD activity/mg and contained 0.86 +/- 0.04 manganese and <0.01 iron atoms per subunit. The gene encoding SOD was cloned and expressed in Escherichia(More)
Mutations in PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) cause a recessive form of Parkinson's disease (PD). PINK1 is associated with mitochondrial quality control and its partial knock-down induces mitochondrial dysfunction including decreased membrane potential and increased vulnerability against mitochondrial toxins, but the exact function of PINK1 in(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) is known generally as the neurotransmitter in the mammalian central and peripheral cholinergic nervous systems. However, ACh is also widely expressed in non-neuronal animal tissues and in plants, fungi and bacteria, where it is likely involved in the transport of water, electrolytes and nutrients, and in modulating various other cell(More)