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The V-ATPase d2 protein constitutes an important subunit of the V-ATPase proton pump, which regulates bone homeostasis; however, currently little is known about its transcriptional regulation. Here, in an attempt to understand regulation of the V-ATPase d2 promoter, we identified the presence of NFATc1, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF)-(More)
Bone remodeling is intrinsically regulated by cell signaling molecules. The Protein Kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine kinases is involved in multiple signaling pathways including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and osteoclast biology. However, the precise involvement of individual PKC isoforms in the regulation of osteoclast formation(More)
Solubilization of mineralized bone by osteoclasts is largely dependent on the acidification of the extracellular resorption lacuna driven by the vacuolar (H+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) polarized within the ruffled border membranes. V-ATPases consist of two functionally and structurally distinct domains, V(1) and V(0). The peripheral cytoplasmically oriented V(1)(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is a key factor necessary for osteoclast differentiation and activation. Mutations within the TNF-like core domain of RANKL have been recently reported in patients with osteoclast-poor autosomal recessive osteopetrosis. However, the functional consequence owing to RANKL mutations has not been well(More)
Vacuolar proton pump H(+)-adenosine triphosphatases (V-ATPases) play an important role in osteoclast function. Further understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of V-ATPase inhibition is vital for the development of anti-resorptive drugs specifically targeting osteoclast V-ATPases. In this study, we observed that bafilomycin A1, a(More)
Purpose To optimise the cost effectiveness of MACI, we have developed a new intraoperative procedure (Ortho-ACI™) of seeding chondrocytes onto the type I/III collagen scaffold and reported on laboratory validation of the procedure and clinical outcomes of Ortho-ACI™. We tested cell retention on the scaffold by confocal microscopy at 7, 15, 20, 40, 60, 90(More)