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The effects of catecholamines on spinal motoneurones and spinal reflex discharges were investigated in the isolated spinal cord of newborn rat. Noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Adr), dopamine (DA) and isoproterenol (Iso) caused depolarization of the motoneurones in a dose-dependent manner. The depolarizing action persisted in Ca2+-deficient Krebs solution.(More)
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), and it stimulates growth hormone (GH) release, food intake and gastrointestinal motility in mammals. Ghrelin has also been identified in the chicken, but this peptide inhibits food intake in the chicken. We examined the effects of ghrelin and related peptides on contractility(More)
Using mutant mice genetically lacking certain subtypes of muscarinic receptor, we have studied muscarinic signal pathways mediating cationic channel activation in intestinal smooth muscle cells. In cells from M2 subtype-knockout (M2-KO) or M3-KO mice, carbachol (100 microM) evoked a muscarinic cationic current (mI(Cat)) as small as approximately 10% of(More)
BACKGROUND The roles of M2 and M3 muscarinic receptor subtypes in the regulation of gut motor activity were investigated. METHODS We simultaneously recorded changes in the intraluminal pressure (IP) and longitudinal tension (LT) in small intestinal segments from M2 or M3 receptor knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. KEY RESULTS In the WT preparations,(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms of estrogens-induced relaxation effects on vascular smooth muscle cells, the effects of estrogens and the related hormones were examined in cultured rat thoracic aortic smooth muscle cell lines (A7r5), using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique. The patch pipette was filled with 140 mM CsCl- or KCl-containing internal solution.(More)
The effect of biosynthetic human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) was investigated on a 10-mm diameter corneal epithelial defect model in rabbits. Topical application of over 10 micrograms/ml of hEGF five times a day significantly enhanced the epithelial healing rate, in a dose-dependent manner. The maximum healing rate was observed in eyes treated with 20(More)
1 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; 1 nM - 100 microM) concentration-dependently inhibited the amplitude and frequency of spontaneous contractions in longitudinal and circular muscles of the porcine myometrium. The circular muscle (EC50; 68-84 nM) was more sensitive than the longitudinal muscle (EC50; 1.3-1.44 microM) to 5-HT. To characterize the 5-HT receptor(More)
The aim of the present study was to clarify smooth muscle- and region-dependent distributions of the oxytocin receptor that mediates oxytocin-induced contraction in the nonpregnant porcine myometrium by means of mechanical and radioligand ([3H]-oxytocin) binding studies. In Krebs solution, oxytocin (0.1-300 nM) caused concentration-dependent contractions of(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin stimulates gastric motility in rats, mice and humans. Although ghrelin and the ghrelin receptor are known to be expressed in the guinea-pig gastrointestinal tract, the effects of ghrelin on gastric motility have not been examined. Aim of the present study was to clarify the motor-stimulating action of ghrelin in the guinea-pig stomach. (More)
We identified a growth hormone secretagogue-receptor (GHS-R) for ghrelin (GRLN) in the Japanese quail, and examined relationship between its receptor distribution and the effects of ghrelin on the gastrointestinal tract of the quail. GHS-R expression and GRLN-induced response were also investigated in the chicken and compared with quail. Several types of(More)