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Lipoprotein lipase mass in preheparin serum (preheparin LPL mass) is assumed to reflect some of the LPL production in the whole body and insulin sensitivity. While metabolic syndrome is a common underlying condition for cardiovascular diseases, biological marker of this syndrome has not been fully established. To clarify the characteristics of preheparin(More)
To clarify the factors regulating preheparin serum lipoprotein lipase mass (preheparin LPL mass), the correlations between preheparin LPL mass and age, gender and types of hyperlipidemias were investigated in 377 persons who underwent annual health examinations. Preheparin LPL mass level did not significantly differ in individuals from 19 to 70 years old,(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the utility of quantification of α-synuclein (SNCA) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to differentiate patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson disease (PD), and multiple system atrophy (MSA). METHODS Thirty-seven patients were divided into 4 age-matched and sex-matched clinical groups: AD (n =(More)
Oxysterols have cytotoxic effects and contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. To examine association between 7-ketocholesterol and diabetes mellitus, and other coronary risk factors, we developed a reliable quantitative method to measure serum 7-ketocholesterol (s-7KCHO) and studied s-7KCHO in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue is closely associated with angiogenesis, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Some of the adipocyte-derived cytokines are hypothesized to play an important role in angiogenesis. We evaluated tube formation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in type I collagen gel when overlaid with the(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in innate immunity by sensing a variety of pathogens and inducing acquired immunity. To test our hypothesis that dysregulation of innate immune responses acts to trigger carcinogenesis, we studied the expression of TLR2 and 4 in sporadic human colorectal cancer tissue. METHODS In specimens of(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels after one intravitreal injection of aflibercept or ranibizumab in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS Twenty-four Japanese with exudative AMD, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, and retinal angiomatous proliferation were included.(More)
It is known that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) enhance the expression- of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor and lower the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood. But, a triglyceride (TG)-lowering effect is also observed during their administration. To clarify the possibility that statins enhance LPL activity(More)
Postprandial hyperglycemia is known to be associated with increasing cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) reflects arterial stiffness and is more useful for predicting coronary atherosclerosis than intima-media thickness. Premixed human insulin 30/70 (BHI30) containing rapid-acting insulin has(More)
There exists lipoprotein lipase mass in preheparin serum, even though the activity is scarcely found. We studied the preheparin serum lipoprotein lipase mass levels (prehaparin LPL mass) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and the effect of insulin therapy on the levels of preheparin LPL mass. In 40 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients, preheparin LPL mass(More)