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This paper describes an autostereoscopic image overlay technique that is integrated into a surgical navigation system to superimpose a real three-dimensional (3-D) image onto the patient via a half-silvered mirror. The images are created by employing a modified version of integral videography (IV), which is an animated extension of integral photography. IV(More)
In this paper, a level-set-based geometric regularization method is proposed which has the ability to estimate the local orientation of the evolving front and utilize it as shape induced information for anisotropic propagation. We show that preserving anisotropic fronts can improve elongations of the extracted structures, while minimizing the risk of(More)
The objective of this paper is to develop an outer sheath for flexible endoscopic manipulators. This sheath can switch two states including flexible and rigid, and make a rigid curved path for inserting manipulators. The flexible mode can be curved into a required shape. The rigid mode can hold the shape of the sheath, and then keep the path for(More)
In this paper, detection of edges in oriented fields is addressed. Haralick edge detection is an accurate scheme for estimation of the edge in a Euclidean space. However, in some applications such as edge detection for vessel segmentation because of the intrinsic orientation of structures, accuracy is only demanded in a particular subspace. This is(More)
In this paper, detection of edges in oriented fields is addressed. In some applications such as vessel segmentation because of the intrinsic orientation of the structures, edge detection is only demanded in a particular subspace. This is specially usefull when a curve evolution is chosen for segmentation since gradients in parallel to vessel orientation may(More)
A 3-D augmented reality navigation system using autostereoscopic images was developed for MRI-guided surgery. The 3-D images are created by employing an animated autostereoscopic image, integral videography (IV), which provides geometrically accurate 3-D spatial images and reproduces motion parallax without using any supplementary eyeglasses or tracking(More)
A real-time 3-D surgical navigation system that superimposes the real, intuitive 3-D image for medical diagnosis and operation was developed in this paper. This system creates 3-D image based on the principle of integral photography (IP), named " Integral Videography (IV) " , which can display geometrically accurate 3-D image and reproduce motion parallax(More)