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We have recorded human medial temporal lobe electrocorticogram during wakefulness and natural sleep in epileptic patients with subdural electrodes. From these recordings, we have found gamma (30-150 Hz) [Neuroscience 90 (1999) 1149] and beta-1 (10-20 Hz) [NeuroReport 10 (1999) 3055] activities during wakefulness in human medial temporal lobe. In this paper,(More)
We have recorded electrocorticographic activities (ECoG) from subdural electrodes on the human medial temporal lobe (MTL) and basal temporal lobe (BTL) in epileptic patients during cognitive visual tasks designed to evoke the P300 event related potential (ERP). From those recordings we examined the event related gamma band oscillation (ERGBO) and P300 ERP.(More)
We have reported the presence of continuous gamma (30-150 Hz) activity in the human medial temporal lobe (MTL). Since the MTL is involved in learning and memory, we speculated that MTL gamma activity is related to such higher brain functions. It is thus of interest to learn how this activity changes during different states of consciousness. In this study,(More)
We recorded human orbitofrontal electrocorticogram during wakefulness and sleep in epileptic patients using subdural electrodes. During wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, we observed beta activity in the raw orbitofrontal signals. Power spectral analysis demonstrated beta enhancement during wakefulness and REM sleep when compared to slow wave(More)
We studied the postoperative development of 14 children with cortical dysgenesis who underwent modified functional hemispherectomy (hemispherotomy) at the age of 6 years or younger. At follow-up of 24-72 months (median of 47 months), six (43%) were seizure-free, six achieved>90% reduction, one achieved 50-90% reduction, and one achieved 0-50% reduction in(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics of focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors reviewed the MR images of 14 patients with FCD, which was confirmed with histologic examination. RESULTS MR images exhibited FCD in 13 of the 14 patients. All lesions were localized to part of one hemisphere.(More)
We report a surgically treated case of early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) with suppression-bursts associated with focal cortical dysplasia. Tonic-clonic seizures followed by a series of spasms occurred about a hundred times a day at a few days of age. Interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) revealed a suppression-burst pattern that was(More)
We performed fast Fourier transformation power spectral analysis of the electrocorticogram in human medial temporal lobe during wakeful rest in six epileptic subjects. Compared with the electrocorticogram wave in the basal temporal lobe, which showed monotonic decline of spectral power across the frequency axis, the electrocorticogram wave in the(More)
Preoperative and postoperative angiograms of a 13-year-old Japanese girl with moyamoya disease are compared. She underwent an indirect extracranial/intracranial bypass operation called encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS). Post-EDAS angiograms clearly show revascularization of the brain through the donor scalp artery and decrease in moyamoya vessels,(More)
OBJECTIVE During the past 15 years, the concept of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors has continued to evolve. We present an interesting case of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor that showed rapid growth during a short period of time. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 9-year-old boy had been experiencing intractable complex partial seizures since the age(More)