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We have recorded human medial temporal lobe electrocorticogram during wakefulness and natural sleep in epileptic patients with subdural electrodes. From these recordings, we have found gamma (30-150 Hz) [Neuroscience 90 (1999) 1149] and beta-1 (10-20 Hz) [NeuroReport 10 (1999) 3055] activities during wakefulness in human medial temporal lobe. In this paper,(More)
We have reported the presence of continuous gamma (30-150 Hz) activity in the human medial temporal lobe (MTL). Since the MTL is involved in learning and memory, we speculated that MTL gamma activity is related to such higher brain functions. It is thus of interest to learn how this activity changes during different states of consciousness. In this study,(More)
We recorded human orbitofrontal electrocorticogram during wakefulness and sleep in epileptic patients using subdural electrodes. During wakefulness and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, we observed beta activity in the raw orbitofrontal signals. Power spectral analysis demonstrated beta enhancement during wakefulness and REM sleep when compared to slow wave(More)
We studied the postoperative development of 14 children with cortical dysgenesis who underwent modified functional hemispherectomy (hemispherotomy) at the age of 6 years or younger. At follow-up of 24-72 months (median of 47 months), six (43%) were seizure-free, six achieved>90% reduction, one achieved 50-90% reduction, and one achieved 0-50% reduction in(More)
We report a surgically treated case of early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) with suppression-bursts associated with focal cortical dysplasia. Tonic-clonic seizures followed by a series of spasms occurred about a hundred times a day at a few days of age. Interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) revealed a suppression-burst pattern that was(More)
OBJECTIVE During the past 15 years, the concept of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors has continued to evolve. We present an interesting case of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor that showed rapid growth during a short period of time. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 9-year-old boy had been experiencing intractable complex partial seizures since the age(More)
A surgically treated case of early-infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE) with suppression-bursts associated with focal cortical dysplasia is reported. Tonic-clonic seizures followed by a series of spasms occurred at age of a few days. Interictal electroencephalogram (EEG) revealed a suppression-burst pattern and magnetic resonance imaging suggested(More)
OBJECT Epilepsy in patients with bihemispheric malformations of cortical development (MCD) is typically medically intractable. Focal resection has been reported to be ineffective. Corpus callosotomy has been advocated as a treatment option, but the results have been reported only in several case reports. The authors describe a series of 10 patients with(More)
OBJECT A multimodal neuronavigation system using metabolic images with PET and anatomical images from MR images is described here for glioma surgery. The efficacy of the multimodal neuronavigation system was evaluated by comparing the results with that of the conventional navigation system, which routinely uses anatomical images from MR and CT imaging as(More)
We evaluated motor cortical excitability of the unaffected hemisphere in three patients with intractable epilepsy who underwent hemispherectomy, using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and PET. TMS of the unaffected hemisphere evoked motor responses not only in the contralateral muscles but also in the ipsilateral ones in all the patients. A PET study(More)