Taketomo Kido

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Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells, which initiate primary immune responses and also play an important role in the generation of peripheral tolerance. There is no reliable method established for the isolation of bovine peripheral blood DCs, and furthermore, the phenotypes and the functions of bovine DCs are still not fully(More)
Membranous (M) cells of the follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) are believed to sample antigens from the gut lumen. However, the origin, differentiation mechanism, and cell death of M cells are still a matter of controversy. Therefore, we investigated the process of M cell differentiation and determined their fate in the intestine of three-way crossbred(More)
Secretoglobin (SCGB) 3A2 is a small molecular weight secreted protein predominantly expressed in lung airways. We previously demonstrated that the expression of SCGB3A2 is regulated by homeodomain transcription factor NKX2-1. Here we show that CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins, C/EBPalpha and C/EBPdelta, regulate mouse Scgb3a2 gene transcription in vivo and(More)
A nitroalkane-oxidizing enzyme was purified about 1,300-fold from a cell extract of Hansenula mrakii grown in a medium containing nitroethane as the sole nitrogen source by ammonium sulfate fractionation, diethylaminoethyl-cellulose column chromatography, hydroxyapatite column chromatography, and Bio-Gel P-150 column chromatography. The enzyme was shown to(More)
Secretoglobin (SCGB) 1A1, also called Clara cell secretor protein (CCSP) or Clara cell-specific 10-kDa protein (CC10), is a small molecular weight secreted protein mainly expressed in lung, with anti-inflammatory/immunomodulatory properties. Previous in vitro studies demonstrated that CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) are the major transcription(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been implicated in the proliferation and metastasis of tumor cells. However, most previous studies were conducted on extracellular matrix or pericellular HA, and the role of circulating HA in vivo has not been studied. HA is rapidly cleared from the bloodstream. The scavenger receptor Stabilin-2 (Stab2) is considered a major(More)
To study the immune responses of porcine intestinal epithelial cells to gram-negative bacteria via toll-like receptors (TLRs), originally established porcine intestinal epitheliocyte (PIE) cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or swine-specific enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). Real-time quantitative PCR revealed that PIE cells expressed(More)
A nitroalkane-oxidizing enzyme, which was inducibly formed by addition of nitroethane to the medium was purified to homogeneity from an extract of Fusarium oxysporum (IFO 5942) with an overall yield of about 20%. The enzyme catalyzed the oxidative denitrification of 1-nitropropane as follows: CH2(NO2)CH2CH3 + O2 + H2O leads to OHCCH2CH3 + HNO2 + H2O2. In(More)
The reactivities of anionic nitroalkanes with 2-nitropropane dioxygenase of Hansenula mrakii, glucose oxidase of Aspergillus niger, and mammalian D-amino acid oxidase have been compared kinetically. 2-Nitropropane dioxygenase is 1200 and 4800 times more active with anionic 2-nitropropane than D-amino acid oxidase and glucose oxidase, respectively. The(More)
By utilizing purified cytochrome P-450scc from bovine adrenocortical mitochondria and cholesterol-containing dioleoylglycerophosphocholine liposomes, we have demonstrated a dramatic stimulation (2-3 fold) of cholesterol binding to the steroid-free cytochrome by Ca++. We theorize that ACTH modulates the increase of intracellular Ca++ concentration resulting(More)