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Genes encoding the NarG and NarH subunits of the molybdo-iron-sulfur enzyme, a nitrate reductase from a denitrifying halophilic euryarchaeota Haloarcula marismortui, were cloned and sequenced. An incomplete cysteine motif reminiscent of that for a [4Fe-4S] cluster binding was found in the NarG subunit, and complete cysteine arrangements for binding one(More)
The composition of membrane-bound electron-transferring proteins from denitrifying cells of Haloarcula marismortui was compared with that from the aerobic cells. Accompanying nitrate reductase catalytic NarGH subcomplex, cytochrome b-561, cytochrome b-552, and halocyanin-like blue copper protein were induced under denitrifying conditions. Cytochrome b-561(More)
A moderately halophilic, obligate alkaliphile (growth range pH 8-12), designated strain YN-1(T), was isolated from indigo balls obtained from Ibaraki, Japan. The cells of the isolate stained Gram-positive, and were aerobic, non-motile, sporulating rods which grew optimally at pH 9. The strain grew in 3-14% NaCl with optimum growth in 5% NaCl. It hydrolysed(More)
Tokyo Bay, a eutrophic bay in Japan, receives nutrients from wastewater plants and other urban diffuse sources via river input. A transect was conducted along a line from the Arakawa River into Tokyo Bay to investigate the ecological relationship between the river outflow and the distribution, abundance and population structure of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria(More)
A polyphasic, culture-independent study was conducted to investigate the abundance and population structure of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in canal sediments receiving wastewater discharge. The abundance of AOB ranged from 0.2 to 1.9% and 1.6 to 5.7% of the total bacterial fraction by real-time PCR and immunofluorescence staining, respectively. Clone(More)
The covalent modification of the side chains of Trp95, Tyr218 and Met244 within the active site of Haloarcula marismortui catalase-peroxidase (KatG) appears to be common to all KatGs and has been demonstrated to be particularly significant for its bifunctionality [Smulevich et al. (2006), J. Inorg. Biochem. 100, 568-585; Jakopitsch, Kolarich et al. (2003),(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) (EC 2.5.1.18) are multifunctional proteins involved in such diverse intracellular events as primary and secondary metabolism, signaling and stress metabolism. In this study, we found a senescence-induced tau-class GST (SIGST) in senescent leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The SIGST was purified 19-fold to homogeneity(More)
Catalase-peroxidase is a member of the class I peroxidase superfamily. The enzyme exhibits both catalase and peroxidase activities to remove the harmful peroxide molecule from the living cell. The 2.0 A crystal structure of the catalase-peroxidase from Haloarcula marismortui (HmCP) reveals that the enzyme is a dimer of two identical subunits. Each subunit(More)
UNLABELLED The extremely halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii grows anaerobically by denitrification. A putative DNA-binding protein, NarO, is encoded upstream of the respiratory nitrate reductase gene of H. volcanii. Disruption of the narO gene resulted in a loss of denitrifying growth of H. volcanii, and the expression of the recombinant NarO recovered(More)
Tetraheme cytochrome c-554 is a physiological electron acceptor of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO), a core enzyme of ammonia oxidation in chemoautotrophic nitrifiers. Here we report the purification of cytochrome c-554 from Nitrosococcus oceani strain NS58, a marine gammaproteobacterial ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. The NS58 cytochrome is a 25 kDa-protein(More)