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Genes encoding the NarG and NarH subunits of the molybdo-iron-sulfur enzyme, a nitrate reductase from a denitrifying halophilic euryarchaeota Haloarcula marismortui, were cloned and sequenced. An incomplete cysteine motif reminiscent of that for a [4Fe-4S] cluster binding was found in the NarG subunit, and complete cysteine arrangements for binding one(More)
Catalase-peroxidase is a member of the class I peroxidase superfamily. The enzyme exhibits both catalase and peroxidase activities to remove the harmful peroxide molecule from the living cell. The 2.0 A crystal structure of the catalase-peroxidase from Haloarcula marismortui (HmCP) reveals that the enzyme is a dimer of two identical subunits. Each subunit(More)
The composition of membrane-bound electron-transferring proteins from denitrifying cells of Haloarcula marismortui was compared with that from the aerobic cells. Accompanying nitrate reductase catalytic NarGH subcomplex, cytochrome b-561, cytochrome b-552, and halocyanin-like blue copper protein were induced under denitrifying conditions. Cytochrome b-561(More)
Cytochrome c-550 was purified from Magnetospirillum magnetotacticum to an electrophoretically homogeneous state, and some of its properties were determined. The cytochrome showed absorption peaks at 528 and 409 nm in the oxidized form, and at 550, 521, and 414 nm in the reduced form. Its midpoint redox potential at pH 7.0 was determined to be +289 mV. The(More)
A moderately halophilic, obligate alkaliphile (growth range pH 8-12), designated strain YN-1(T), was isolated from indigo balls obtained from Ibaraki, Japan. The cells of the isolate stained Gram-positive, and were aerobic, non-motile, sporulating rods which grew optimally at pH 9. The strain grew in 3-14% NaCl with optimum growth in 5% NaCl. It hydrolysed(More)
A polyphasic, culture-independent study was conducted to investigate the abundance and population structure of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in canal sediments receiving wastewater discharge. The abundance of AOB ranged from 0.2 to 1.9% and 1.6 to 5.7% of the total bacterial fraction by real-time PCR and immunofluorescence staining, respectively. Clone(More)
The covalent modification of the side chains of Trp95, Tyr218 and Met244 within the active site of Haloarcula marismortui catalase-peroxidase (KatG) appears to be common to all KatGs and has been demonstrated to be particularly significant for its bifunctionality [Smulevich et al. (2006), J. Inorg. Biochem. 100, 568-585; Jakopitsch, Kolarich et al. (2003),(More)
Tokyo Bay, a eutrophic bay in Japan, receives nutrients from wastewater plants and other urban diffuse sources via river input. A transect was conducted along a line from the Arakawa River into Tokyo Bay to investigate the ecological relationship between the river outflow and the distribution, abundance and population structure of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) (EC 2.5.1.18) are multifunctional proteins involved in such diverse intracellular events as primary and secondary metabolism, signaling and stress metabolism. In this study, we found a senescence-induced tau-class GST (SIGST) in senescent leaves of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The SIGST was purified 19-fold to homogeneity(More)
UNLABELLED The extremely halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii grows anaerobically by denitrification. A putative DNA-binding protein, NarO, is encoded upstream of the respiratory nitrate reductase gene of H. volcanii. Disruption of the narO gene resulted in a loss of denitrifying growth of H. volcanii, and the expression of the recombinant NarO recovered(More)