Taketo Otsuka

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Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strains, which often produce Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL), are increasingly noted worldwide. In this study, we examined 42 MRSA strains (25 PVL-positive [PVL+] strains and 17 PVL-negative [PVL(-)] strains) isolated in Taiwan for their molecular characteristics. The PVL+ MRSA(More)
Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) possessing the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene (luk(PV)) is associated with skin and soft tissue infections, osteomyelitis, and necrotizing pneumonia. There are geographically two types of CA-MRSA: one (sequence type ST30) that is worldwide (pandemic) and the other (sequence(More)
The major methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA) distributed among hospitals in Japan is New York/Japan clone [multilocus sequence type 5 (ST5), agr type 2 and methicillin resistance locus type (SCC mec) II] which possesses both the toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 gene (tst) and staphylococcal enterotoxin C gene (sec). In this study, we collected(More)
Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) with Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes is increasing worldwide. Nosocomial outbreak-derived (hospital-acquired) MRSA (HA-MRSA) in Japan in the 1980s was also largely PVL(+). PVL(+) HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA shared the same multi-locus sequence type (ST30) and methicillin resistance(More)
Highly virulent, community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains with Panton-Valentine leucocidin (PVL) genes have been found increasingly worldwide. Among a total of 2,101 MRSA strains isolated from patients in hospitals in Japan, two were positive for PVL genes. One strain was identified as a community-acquired MRSA strain(More)
Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) isolated from the nasal mucosa of medical students were examined for susceptibility to 16 antimicrobial agents. No methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was isolated, while MRCNS was present in 23.5% of the medical students. CNS exhibited significantly more resistance to antimicrobial agents(More)
Partial trisomy distal 4q (denoted 4q+) is a human chromosomal disorder caused by duplication of the distal end of the long arm of chromosome 4 (Chr4). This disorder manifests typical phenotypes, including craniofacial, renal, heart and thumb developmental defects. Although these clinical features are likely caused by a dosage imbalance in the gene network(More)
BACKGROUND Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common forms of bacterial infection and cause for clinic visits in children. The incidence of AOM was 0.9-1.2 episodes per person-year during the first 2 years of life in previous reports conducted before 2000. The aim of this study was to 1) evaluate the latest AOM incidence in pediatric outpatients(More)
BACKGROUND The first step in a bacterial disease is the establishment of nasopharyngeal carriage. METHODS We conducted a birth cohort study to identify factors associated with colonization in healthy children and evaluate the serotype distributions and resistances of Streptococcus pneumoniae/Haemophilus influenzae. Nasopharyngeal cultures were obtained(More)
Sado Island in Japan is an area with low antimicrobial pressure. A total of 41 community-onset methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates were obtained from pediatric outpatients and healthy children between August 2009 and January 2012, and genotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the MRSA isolates were performed.(More)