Taketo Obitsu

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Perchlorate has been considered a potential threat to human health, especially to developing infants and children due to its ability to inhibit iodide uptake by the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) of the thyroid. Although the U.S. has been the prime focus of perchlorate contamination, at least some of the similar sources of perchlorate exist across the world,(More)
The effect of abomasal infusion of glucose (120 kJ/d per kg body weight (BW)0.75, 758 mmol/d) on urea production, plasma alanine-N flux rate and the conversion of alanine-N to urea was studied in sheep offered a low-N diet at limited energy intake (500 kJ/d per kg BW0.75), based on hay and grass pellets. Glucose provision reduced urinary N (P = 0.040) and(More)
Our objective was to determine the effects of calcium salts of long-chain fatty acids (CLFAs) and rumen-protected methionine (RPM) on plasma concentrations of ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (7 to 36) amide, and pancreatic hormones in lactating cows. Four Holstein cows in midlactation were used in a 4 by 4 Latin square experiment in each 2-wk period. Cows(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the role of fatty acids for sperm survival in the sperm storage tubules (SSTs) of the hen oviduct. The mucosa tissues of uterovaginal junction (UVJ) of White Leghorn laying hens with or without artificial insemination using semen from Barred Plymouth Rock roosters were collected. The lipid density in the epithelium of(More)
The effects of feeding and intravenous injections of glucose and VFA on blood ghrelin concentrations were investigated in calves before and after weaning. Eight Holstein bull calves were fed whole milk, allowed free access to solid feeds, and weaned at 7 wk. Measurements were carried out at 2, 4, 6, 9, 11, and 13 wk, at which time jugular blood samples were(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) on plasma ghrelin concentration in lactating dairy cows. Five early-lactating Holstein cows were randomly assigned to 2 dietary treatments in a crossover design with 2-wk periods. Treatments consisted of diets supplemented or not (control) with calcium salts of MCFAs(More)
This study was conducted to identify the insulin-independent actions of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1 (7-36 amide)) in partitioning nutrient metabolism in ovine liver. Four Suffolk wethers (60.0 ± 6.7 kg body weight (BW)) were used in a repeated-measure design under euglycemic--hyperinsulinemic and hyper -GLP-1 clamps for 150 min with intravenous infusion(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of replacing alfalfa hay (AH) with a mixture of cassava foliage silage and sweet potato vine silage (CSP) (1:1 on a dry matter (DM) basis) on ruminal and intestinal nutrient digestion in sheep. Four wethers were fed a control diet containing 35% of AH and two treatment diets containing 15% and 30% of the CSP as(More)
The effect of acute (4.5 h) infusions into the mesenteric vein of an amino acid (AA) mixture, which simulated the composition of rumen microbial protein, on net transfers of NH3, urea and total AA across the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and liver in the ovine has been examined. Four wether sheep were surgically prepared with vascular catheters across the(More)