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BACKGROUND The benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) for overall survival (OS) is unclear in patients with synchronous metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in the era of targeted therapy. OBJECTIVE To determine OS benefit of CN compared with no CN in mRCC patients treated with targeted therapies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), the most common autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease among Europeans and people of European descent, is characterized by an early onset (usually before the age of 25), progressive ataxia, sensory loss, absence of tendon reflexes and pyramidal weakness of the legs. We have recently identified a unique group of patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE White matter alteration in iNPH has not been well-investigated. TBSS is a voxelwise statistical analysis developed for DTI data. We aimed to elucidate the cerebral white matter alteration in patients with iNPH by using DTI and to test the accuracy of TBSS analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS DTI data were obtained from 20 patients with(More)
Molecular characterization of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has not been well elucidated, despite a great deal of clinical study. We examined the heterogeneity of PSA using reverse transcription-PCR and direct sequencing. A novel, alternatively spliced variant of the PSA transcript was found in prostate cancer (PC), as well as in benign prostatic tissue.(More)
Recent studies have shown that functional polymorphisms at the MDM2 SNP309 T/G and p53 Arg72Pro may be associated with cancer susceptibility. However, the role of these polymorphisms on the risk of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder (TCCB) and clinical outcome remains unknown. SNP309 and p53 Arg72Pro polymorphisms were genotyped in 227 patients and(More)
BACKGROUND In a phase II, open-label, multicentre Japanese study, sunitinib demonstrated antitumour activity and acceptable tolerability in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients. Final survival analyses and updated results are reported. METHODS Fifty-one Japanese patients with a clear-cell component of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (25(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to assess the efficacy and safety of sunitinib in Japanese patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS Fifty-one Japanese patients with prior nephrectomy, 25 treatment-naive patients (first-line group) and 26 cytokine-refractory patients (pretreated group) were enrolled in this phase II trial. Patients received(More)
BACKGROUND Targeted therapies in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) have been approved based on registration clinical trials that have strict eligibility criteria. The clinical outcomes of patients treated with targeted agents but are ineligible for trials are unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS mRCC patients treated with vascular endothelial growth(More)
The mainstay in the management of invasive bladder cancer continues to be radical cystectomy. With regard to improvement of quality of life, however, therapies that preserve the bladder are desirable. We investigated the use of intravesical PLK-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) against bladder cancer. Patients with bladder cancers expressing high levels of(More)
Autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder, usually beginning before the age of 40. We found three exonic deletions and two novel point mutations (Arg33Stop and Cys431Phe) in six families with autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism. In 1 family, in which an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance was suspected,(More)