Takeshi Yamashita

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BACKGROUND Four new oral anticoagulants compare favourably with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation; however, the balance between efficacy and safety in subgroups needs better definition. We aimed to assess the relative benefit of new oral anticoagulants in key subgroups, and the effects on important secondary outcomes. (More)
BACKGROUND Many cardiac arrhythmias have their own characteristic circadian variations. Because the expression of many genes, including clock genes, is regulated variably during a day, circadian variations of ion channel gene expression, if any, could contribute to the fluctuating alterations of cardiac electrophysiological characteristics and subsequent(More)
Septic shock has been reported as an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF), however, the mechanism remains unknown. We investigated whether lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could alter cardiac ion channel gene expression, thereby leading to atrial arrhythmogenesis. LPS (2.5 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally into 10 week old Sprague-Dawley rats (n(More)
We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 12,988 subjects aged 20-79 years (5,908 men and 7,090 women) receiving health checkups at a Tokyo clinic. They filled out a self-administered structured questionnaire, and 5.4% of the men and 15.4% of the women reported having headaches. Younger subjects were more prone to having headaches. The likelihood of having(More)
Japan has become an aging society, resulting in an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease. However, clinical outcomes of elderly Japanese patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remain unclear. Of the 15,227 patients in the Shinken Database, a single-hospital-based cohort of new patients, 1,214 patients who underwent PCI, was(More)
BACKGROUND Elderly patients with atrial fibrillation are at higher risk of both ischemic and bleeding events compared to younger patients. In a prespecified analysis from the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial, we evaluate clinical outcomes with edoxaban versus warfarin according to age. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-one thousand one-hundred and five patients enrolled(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrial fibrillation (AF) per se causes atrial endocardial dysfunction leading to local coagulation imbalance on the internal surface of the atrium, which contributes to thrombus formation in the fibrillating left atrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS To test a hypothesis that blockade of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1-receptor) prevents the(More)
INTRODUCTION Results from the multicenter trial (J-Land study) of landiolol versus digoxin in atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction revealed that landiolol was more effective for controlling rapid HR than digoxin. The subgroup analysis for patient characteristics was conducted to evaluate the(More)
Statins reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the effects of statin therapy in patients with CAD and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain unclear. Within a single hospital-based cohort in the Shinken Database 2004-2010 comprising all patients (n = 15,227) who visited the Cardiovascular Institute, we(More)
The efficacy of electrical defibrillation is considered to be related to the autonomic status. In search of a possible adjunct to enhance the therapeutic performance of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. we investigated whether parasympathetic manipulation by cervical vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) increases defibrillation efficacy. The effects of(More)