Takeshi Yamashita

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BACKGROUND Four new oral anticoagulants compare favourably with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation; however, the balance between efficacy and safety in subgroups needs better definition. We aimed to assess the relative benefit of new oral anticoagulants in key subgroups, and the effects on important secondary outcomes. (More)
Focal osteochondral defects are still a challenging problem in joint surgery. We have developed a two-layered implant consisting of a basal porous beta-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) for bone reconstruction and a superficial fibrous collagen type I/III layer for cartilage regeneration. Fifty-four osteochondral defects in the trochlear groove of 27 Göttinger(More)
BACKGROUND The mortality and morbidity rates of various cardiovascular diseases differ between Western countries and Japan. The age- and gender-specific prevalence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population of Japan was determined using the data from periodic health examinations in 2003. METHODS Data of 630,138 subjects aged 40 years or(More)
BACKGROUND Underuse and an inadequate range for the international normalized ratio (INR) for warfarin use are still problems in the management of the patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS From January to July 2009, a total of 7,937 AF patients [5,468 men (68.6 ± 10.0 years) and 2,469 women (72.2 ± 9.0 years)] were registered(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical data on the mortality and morbidity of unselected Japanese patients with heart failure (HF) are limited. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical characteristics, long-term outcomes, and prognostic factors of Japanese HF patients with preserved or reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS AND RESULTS We used a(More)
BACKGROUND During anticoagulation for prevention of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), bleeding is the most serious complication. In Western countries, the incidences of major bleeding and intracranial hemorrhages with low-dose warfarin are known to occur at a rate of 0.4-1.3% and 0.2% per year, respectively. The purpose of(More)
Background Although previous clinical trials demonstrated the non-inferiority of a rate control to rhythm control strategy for management of atrial fibrillation (AF), the optimal treatment strategy for paroxysmal AF (PAF) remains unclear. Methods and Results A randomized, multicenter comparison of rate control vs rhythm control in Japanese patients with PAF(More)
Statins reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality from coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the effects of statin therapy in patients with CAD and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain unclear. Within a single hospital-based cohort in the Shinken Database 2004–2010 comprising all patients (n = 15,227) who visited the Cardiovascular Institute, we(More)
Revascularization of an initially non-target site due to its progression as a new culprit lesion has emerged as a new therapeutic target of coronary artery disease (CAD) in the era of drug-eluting stents. Using the Shinken database, a single-hospital-based cohort, we aimed to clarify the incidence and prognostic factors for progression of previously(More)
BACKGROUND Although various kinds of cardiovascular risk factors have been reported to be associated with atrial fibrillation (AF), the relationship between serum uric acid level and AF has not been fully examined. METHODS AND RESULTS Data were collected from a single hospital-based cohort in the Shinken Database 2004-2008 (n=11,123), and consisted of(More)