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Lymphocyte homing to secondary lymphoid tissue is defined by a multistep sequence of interactions between lymphocytes and endothelial cells in high endothelial venules (HEVs). After initial selectin-mediated tethering and rolling, firm adhesion of lymphocytes requires rapid upregulation of lymphocyte integrin adhesiveness. This step is mediated in part by(More)
The mucosae and exocrine glands harbour the largest activated B-cell system of the body, amounting to some 80-90% of all immunoglobulin (Ig)-producing cells. The major product of these immunocytes is polymeric (p)IgA (mainly dimers) with associated J chain. Both pIgA and pentameric IgM contain a binding site for the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR), or(More)
High endothelial venules (HEVs) are specialized postcapillary venules, found in lymphoid organs and chronically inflamed tissues, that support high levels of lymphocyte extravasation from the blood. Molecular characterization of HEV endothelial cells (HEVECs) has been hampered by difficulties in their purification and in vitro maintenance. To overcome these(More)
Peyer's patches (PPs) are lined by follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) with Ag-transporting M cells. To investigate the spatial relationships of B cells, T cells, and dendritic cells (DCs) in PPs during microbial colonization, their in situ redistribution was examined in germfree (GF) rats exposed to a conventional pathogen-free microflora(More)
Lymphocyte homing to secondary lymphoid tissue and lesions of chronic inflammation is directed by multi-step interactions between the circulating cells and the specialized endothelium of high endothelial venules (HEVs). In this study, we used the PCR-based method of suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) to identify novel HEV genes by comparing freshly(More)
To determine the alterations in optical characteristics and cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) during activation and deactivation, we evaluated the changes in mean optical pathlength (MOP) and CBO induced by a verbal fluency task (VFT) and driving simulation in the right and left prefrontal cortex (PFC), employing a newly developed time-resolved near infrared(More)
Mucosal immunity is an important arm of the immune system because it operates in tissues involved in everyday infectious defence as well as in tolerance against innocuous environmental and dietary antigens. Here, Per Brandtzaeg and colleagues discuss compartmentalized regulation of mucosal B cells and mechanisms that might explain the strikingly(More)
We isolated spore-forming gram-positive aerobic rods from three patients with persistent periapical periodontitis. These cells possessed unique phenotypic characteristics by exhibiting dense meshwork-like structures on their cell surfaces that could be found in a number of biofilm-forming bacteria. We identified these strains as Bacillus subtilis by the API(More)
To determine the alterations in optical characteristics and cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) in the frontal lobe during language tasks, we evaluated the changes in mean optical pathlength (MOP) and CBO induced by a verbal fluency task (VFT) in the right and left frontal lobes in normal adults (n = 9, mean age = 29.6 +/- 4.8 years). We employed a newly(More)
BACKGROUND Signal transduction through binding of CD40 on antigen-presenting cells and CD40 ligand (CD154) on T cells appears to be crucial for mutual cellular activation. Antibodies aimed at blocking the CD40-CD154 costimulatory pathway dampen the severity of experimental colitis. To elucidate the microanatomical basis for signaling through this(More)