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To elucidate the effect of high temperature on grain-filling metabolism, developing rice (Oryza sativa) "Nipponbare" caryopses were exposed to high temperature (33 degrees C/28 degrees C) or control temperature (25 degrees C/20 degrees C) during the milky stage. Comprehensive gene screening by a 22-K DNA microarray and differential hybridization, followed(More)
To investigate how progressive urbanization influences the distribution of ant species in cities, I compared the ant species richness in urban parks of different areas and ages of Tokyo, the most intensively developed urban region in Japan, and its developing neighbor, Chiba City. A total of 43 ant species were found from 98 parks. Multiple regression(More)
Differential screening of a cDNA library constructed using poly(A)(+) RNA from suspension-cultured rice cells treated with jasmonic acid (JA) for 1/2h yielded a cDNA of a gene tentatively named RERJ1 that is upregulated in response to exogenous JA. Northern blot analysis indicated that the RERJ1 mRNA levels peaked at 1/2-1h after the addition of jasmonic(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) plays an important role in plants, including responses to abiotic as well as biotic stresses. A survey of the rice (Oryza sativa) genome database indicated the presence of 17 PLD genes in the genome, among which OsPLDalpha1, OsPLDalpha5, and OsPLDbeta1 were highly expressed in most tissues studied. To examine the physiological function(More)
We succeeded in visualization of the primordial germ cells (PGCs) in a living Xenopus embryo. The mRNA of the reporter Venus protein, fused to the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of DEADSouth, which is a component of the germ plasm in Xenopus eggs, was microinjected into the vegetal pole of fertilized eggs and then the cells with Venus fluorescence were(More)
The Purkinje fibers are located in the ventricular walls of the heart, just beneath the endocardium and conduct excitation from the right and left bundle branches to the ventricular myocardium. Recently, anatomists succeeded in photographing the Purkinje fibers of a sheep, which clearly showed the mesh structure of the Purkinje fibers. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVES Further metastasis should be avoided in pancreatic cancer (PC) patients for effective surgical treatment. Regulatory T cells (Foxp3CD4 T cells including CD4CD25 T cells and CD4CD25 T cells) play important roles in tumor immunity. This study aimed to investigate whether regulatory T cells participate in metastasis. METHODS Peripheral blood was(More)
A large number of CD16(-) natural killer (NK) cells appear in the human endometrium after ovulation. One possible explanation for this phenomenon is recruitment from peripheral blood (PB) CD16(-) NK cells. In this study, we examined whether IL-15 is involved in postovulatory recruitment from PB CD16(-) NK cells. The IL-15 receptor alpha chain was expressed(More)
Population-genetic structure and sex-allocation ratios were investigated for the ant Messor aciculatus, a species that conducts mass nuptial flights. An electrophoretic survey on two polymorphic loci revealed excessive homozygosities in two populations. Because inbreeding inside nests does not occur, the heterozygote deficiency may result from population(More)
In ubiquitous networks, Mobile Nodes (MNs) may often suffer from performance degradation due to the following two reasons: (1) reduction of signal strength by an MN's movement and intervening objects , and (2) radio interference with other WLANs. Therefore, quick and reliable detection of the deterioration of a wireless link condition is essential for(More)