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To elucidate the relationships between spatiotemporal changes in leaf nitrogen (N) content and canopy dynamics, changes in leaf N and distribution in the canopy of a 26-year-old deciduous oak (Quercus serrata Thunb. ex. Murray) stand were monitored throughout the developmental sequence from leaf expansion to senescence, by estimating the leaf mass and N(More)
  • T Tange
  • 1990
It has been reported by some investigators that deciduous teeth could be useful materials for the analysis of the trace elements available to the human body burden. In this study, an attempt was made to define that uptake of trace elements (Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu) take place during formation of the deciduous tooth. Samples were prepared from exfoliated human(More)
Active phototropic bending of non-elongating and radially growing portion of stems (woody stems) has not been previously documented, whereas negative gravitropic bending is well known. We found phototropic bending in woody stems and searched for the underlying mechanism. We inclined 1-year-old Quercus crispula Blume seedlings and unilaterally illuminated(More)
In many temperate evergreen plant species, reductions in turgor loss point of leaves (Psi(tlp)) and leaf osmotic potential at full turgor (pi(sat)) occur from late summer to winter. To test the hypothesis that this seasonal change in leaf water relations is driven by root temperature, we manipulated the temperature of the roots and shoots of Cryptomeria(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The main stems of trees on forest slopes incline down the slope to various extents that are characteristic of the species. The inclination has been explained as an active response to a horizontally asymmetrical light environment, but the contributing physiological mechanisms are unknown. The present study tested the hypothesis that stem(More)
Aluminum (Al) is a harmful element that rapidly inhibits the elongation of plant roots in acidic soils. The release of organic anions explains Al resistance in annual crops, but the mechanisms that are responsible for superior Al resistance in some woody plants remain unclear. We examined cell properties at the surface layer of the root apex in the camphor(More)
Trace elements (Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu) levels were determined in lower deciduous incisors which were collected from four areas (Sapporo, Yokosuka, Nagano and Kitakyushu) in Japan. Samples were divided into enamel and dentin, and dissolved with nitric and dried at 80 degrees C. Each element was separated chromatographically using an acetone-HCL gradient solution(More)
We demonstrated that the inorganic phosphate (P(i)) requirement for growth of Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc.) seedlings is increased by elevated CO(2) concentration ([CO(2)]) and that responses of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.) Coker & Couch to P(i) supply are also altered. To investigate the growth response of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Root caps release border cells, which play central roles in microbe interaction and root protection against soil stresses. However, the number and connectivity of border cells differ widely among plant species. Better understanding of key border-cell phenotype across species will help define the total function of border cells and(More)
We tested the hypothesis that sapling growth following a sudden increase in solar irradiance is related to recovery from photoinhibition and the balance between rate of production of new leaves and rate of abscision of old leaves. Leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and relative growth rate (RGR) of stem basal area were measured following the sudden(More)