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Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a cyclic amino acid neuropeptide localized in the lateral hypothalamus. Although MCH is thought to be an important regulator of feeding behavior, the involvement of this peptide in body weight control has been unclear. To examine the role of MCH in the development of obesity, we assessed the effect of chronic(More)
An object location test (OLT) has been developed to test spatial memory in rats. The test is based on the spontaneous tendency of rodents, previously exposed to two identical objects, to later explore one of the objects--replaced in a novel location--for a longer time than they explore the non-displaced object. In this study, we established the OLT in mice(More)
We previously clarified that the chitinase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis KOD1 produces diacetylchitobiose (GlcNAc(2)) as an end product from chitin. Here we sought to identify enzymes in T. kodakaraensis that were involved in the further degradation of GlcNAc(2). Through a search of the T. kodakaraensis genome, one candidate(More)
Insufficient glucocorticoid (GC) signaling is frequently observed in major depressive disorder (MDD). Since emotional and behavioral symptoms are often accompanied by disturbances in hypothalamic systems, GC insufficiency in this region is regarded as important in the pathogenesis of MDD. In this study, 22 early GC-responsive genes comprising 15(More)
3,3'-Iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) causes neurofilament (NF)-filled swellings in the proximal segments of many large-caliber myelinated axons. This study investigated the effect of maternal exposure to IDPN on hippocampal neurogenesis in rat offspring using pregnant rats supplemented with 0 (controls), 67 or 200 ppm IDPN in drinking water from gestational day(More)
Monostructured single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are important in both scientific research and electronic and biomedical applications; however, the bulk separation of SWCNTs into populations of single-chirality nanotubes remains challenging. Here we report a simple and effective method for the large-scale chirality separation of SWCNTs using a(More)
Protein translocation across the bacterial membrane, mediated by the secretory translocon SecYEG and the SecA ATPase, is enhanced by proton motive force and membrane-integrated SecDF, which associates with SecYEG. The role of SecDF has remained unclear, although it is proposed to function in later stages of translocation as well as in membrane protein(More)
In vivo brain microdialysis was used to examine the role of potassium channel activation in dopamine (DA) autoreceptor function in the striatum of freely moving rats. Local application of the D2 receptor agonists quinpirole or N-0437 through the dialysis probe significantly reduced extracellular concentrations of DA. Local application of the D2 antagonist(More)
PURPOSE Lens epithelial cells (LECs) undergo epithelial-mesenchcymal transition (EMT) after injury and transform into myofibroblasts positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alphaSMA), an established marker of this process. Lumican is a keratan sulfate proteoglycan core protein. This study was conducted to examine whether human and mouse LECs express lumican(More)
The exposure to cuprizone (CPZ) leads to demyelination in the central nervous system in rodents. To examine the developmental effects of CPZ exposure on hippocampal neurogenesis, pregnant rats were treated with 0, 0.1 or 0.4% CPZ in the diet from gestational day 6 to day 21 after delivery. On postnatal day 21, male offspring had a decreased density of new(More)