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The ret proto-oncogene expresses four major mRNA species of different lengths in human malignant cell lines and rat tissues. We isolated ret proto-oncogene cDNA clones from a cDNA library of a human neuroblastoma line, Nagai, which over-expressed these mRNAs. Four cDNA clones differing from each other in their 3' portions were analysed. The sequence of the(More)
A growing body of evidence indicates that genetic factors are involved in an increased risk of infection. We investigated whether mannose-binding lectin (MBL) gene polymorphisms that cause low levels of MBL are associated with the occurrence of major infections in patients, mainly bearing hematological malignancies, after high-dose chemotherapy (HDT)(More)
The membrane TNF-alpha is known to serve as a precursor of the soluble form of TNF-alpha. Although it has been reported the biological functions of the membrane TNF-alpha as a ligand, the outside-to-inside (reverse) signal transmitted through membrane TNF-alpha is poorly understood. Here we report a novel function mediated by outside-to-inside signal via(More)
We have investigated the PTC/retTPC oncogene, an activated form of ret proto-oncogene with a specific rearrangement, in thyroid malignancies. Southern analysis was used to screen 36 thyroid papillary carcinomas (PC), 22 normal thyroid tissues from glands with PC elsewhere, three follicular carcinomas, eight follicular adenomas and 30 other non-malignant(More)
In a papillary thyroid carcinoma cell line, TPC-1, we found transcripts hybridizing to ret proto-oncogene (proto-ret) cDNA probes. The transcripts hybridized to the probes encoding the kinase domain but not to those of the transmembrane and extracellular domains of proto-ret. The sizes of the main transcripts in TPC-1 were aberrant, being 2.0, 2.5, 4.0 and(More)
AIMS To search for mutations in the frizzled 4 (FZD4) gene in patients with familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) and to delineate the defective gene associated clinical features. METHODS Direct sequencing following polymerase chain reaction of exons of FZD4 was performed for 24 probands with FEVR (18 familial and six sporadic), and some of their(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of the genes responsible for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS All the exons and putative promoter regions of 53 candidate genes (TNFRSF6/Fas, TNFSF6/FasL, Fli1, TNFSF10/TRAIL, TNFSF12/TWEAK, Bcl-2, PTEN, FADD, TRADD, CDKN1A, TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF4/OX40, TNFSF4/OX40L, TNFSF5/CD40L, TNFSF13B/BAFF, ICOS, CTLA4, CD28, FYN,(More)
Sinomenine, an epimorphinan alkaloid, was tested for the immunosuppressive effect in mice. This compound produced a decrease of plaque-forming cells (PFC) to a T cell-dependent antigen, sheep red blood cells, in vivo. The depression of the PFC response induced with sinomenine was dose and time dependent. On the other hand, it failed to suppress the PFC(More)
The human ret proto-oncogene (proto-ret), encoding a receptor tyrosine kinase, is highly expressed in neuroblastomas, medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs) and pheochromocytomas, which are all tumors of cells originating from the neural crest. In studies on the transcription mechanism of proto-ret, we identified the transcription start site and the promoter(More)
Thapsigargin, a hexaoxygenated tetraacylated sesquiterpene lactone, induced irritation of mouse ear and histidine decarboxylase (HDC) activity in mouse skin, but it did not induce ornithine decarboxylase in mouse skin or adhesion of human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. Although thapsigargin did not give consistent positive results in a short-term(More)