Takeshi Shimosato

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) released from intestinal L cells in response to nutrient ingestion inhibits both gastrointestinal emptying and gastric acid secretion and promotes satiety. The main biological effect of GLP-1 is the stimulation of insulin secretion (thereby fulfilling the criterion for an incretin hormone) in order to reduce blood glucose(More)
This study analyzed the functional expression of TLR3 in various gastrointestinal tissues from adult swine and shows that TLR3 is expressed preferentially in intestinal epithelial cells (IEC), CD172a(+)CD11R1(high) and CD4(+) cells from ileal Peyer's patches. We characterized the inflammatory immune response triggered by TLR3 activation in a clonal porcine(More)
Proteins from buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) are strong allergens that can cause serious symptoms, including anaphylaxis, in patients with hypersensitivity. In this study, we successfully developed a modified lactic acid bacterial vector (pNSH) and a recombinant strain of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 (NZ9000) that produced a major allergenic storage protein(More)
In this study, we successfully developed a recombinant strain of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 (NZ9000) that produced green fluorescent protein fused to αS1-casein (GFP-αS1Cas). A modified lactic acid bacterial vector (pNZ8148#2) was constructed by inserting genes for GFP and αS1-casein, a major cow’s milk allergen, and the resulting vector,(More)
Probiotics/prebiotics have the ability to modulate the balance and activities of the gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota, and are, thus, considered beneficial to the host animal and have been used as functional foods. Numerous factors, such as dietary and management constraints, have been shown to markedly affect the structure and activities of gut microbial(More)
We designed class I/II hybrid inhibitory oligodeoxynucleotides (iODNs), called iSG, and found that the sequence 5'-TTAGGG-3', which has a six-base loop head structure, and a 3'-oligo (dG)3-5 tail sequence are important for potent immunosuppressive activity. Interestingly, splenocytes isolated from ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized mice and treated with iSG3 showed(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal delivery of therapeutic proteins using genetically modified strains of lactic acid bacteria (gmLAB) is being investigated as a new therapeutic strategy. METHODS We developed a strain of gmLAB, Lactococcus lactis NZ9000 (NZ-HO), which secretes the anti-inflammatory molecule recombinant mouse heme oxygenase-1 (rmHO-1). The effects of(More)
Previous studies showed that hydrolysates of β-lactoglobulin (BLG) prepared using gastrointestinal proteases strongly inhibit dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) activity in vitro. In this study, we developed a BLG-secreting Lactococcus lactis strain as a delivery vehicle and in situ expression system. Interestingly, trypsin-digested recombinant BLG from L.(More)
To determine whether alterations in oncogenes are associated with tumour progression and metastasis, DNAs from 32 metastatic tumour samples of different sites in 12 autopsy cases of gastric carcinomas were analysed for alterations of ERBB, ERBB2, HST1, INT2 and LMYC genes by Southern blot hybridisation. DNAs from 89 primary gastric carcinomas including 69(More)
Immunosuppressive oligodeoxynucleotides (Sup ODNs) containing repetitive TTAGGG motifs reduce inflammation and, thus, may have an impact on inflammation‑related tumor growth. In this study, we found a significant antiproliferative effect of Sup ODNs on the A549 non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line compared to(More)