Takeshi Shimosato

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The effect of Lactobacillus jensenii TL2937 on the inflammatory immune response triggered by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in a porcine intestinal epitheliocyte cell line (PIE cells) was evaluated. Challenges with ETEC or LPS elicited Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated inflammatory responses in cultured PIE cells,(More)
To clarify the crucial role of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR9 in immature gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALT), we focused on the expression of TLR2 and TLR9 and the immune responses induced by their ligands in the GALT of presuckling newborn swine. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that TLR2 and TLR9 mRNA were expressed at detectable levels in all(More)
The Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 binds a wide variety of microbial cell wall components. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern of TLR2 in adult swine gut-associated lymphoid tissues using real-time quantitative PCR, Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometric analysis. The mRNA for TLR2 was preferentially expressed in the(More)
The precise distribution and expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 in gut-associated lymphoid tissues (GALTs) has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern of TLR9 in adult and neonatal swine GALTs by real-time quantitative PCR, western blot, confocal laser microscopy and flow cytometric analysis. The swine TLR9 gene was(More)
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) has been shown to mediate cell signaling in response to microbial cell wall components, such as peptidoglycan, lipoteichoic acid, microbial lipoprotein, and zymosan. In this study, we cloned the swine TLR2 and used it to transfect Chinese hamster ovary K-1 cells. We demonstrated that the swine TLR2-expressing transfectant can(More)
We previously reported the strong immunostimulatory effects of a CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN), designated MsST, from the lacZ gene of Streptococcus (S.) thermophilus ATCC19258. Here we show that 24h of stimulation with MsST in mouse splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages strongly induces expression of interleukin (IL)-33, a cytokine in the IL-1(More)
Toll-like receptor 9, which is expressed on the surface of antigen presenting cells and which was recently identified in the cytoplasmic follicle, recognizes bacterial CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), resulting in the induction of a potent immune response. However, in our previous study, we found that TLR9 potentially recognizes not only CpG ODN but also(More)
Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2716 has recently been discovered as a probiotic that suppresses the growth of Helicobacter pylori and reduces gastric mucosal inflammation in humans. This has resulted in the development of a new type of probiotic yoghurt 'LG21' in Japan. In our previous study, we found an immunostimulatory AT5ACL oligodeoxynucleotide (AT-ODN)(More)
CpG oligonucleotides (ODN) stimulate the innate immune system by triggering cells that express TLR9. The resulting response promotes tumor regression, an effect optimized by delivery of CpG ODN to the tumor site. This work examines the effect of instilling CpG ODN adsorbed onto polyketal microparticles (CpG-MP) into the lungs of mice with non-small cell(More)
Interleukin-17 (IL-17), initially reported as CTLA-8, is a proinflammatory cytokine produced mainly by activated T cells. In the present study, the cDNA of a swine IL-17 (PoIL-17) gene was cloned from activated neonatal thymocytes, and the recombinant PoIL-17 (rPoIL-17) was biologically characterized. The complete open reading frame (ORF) of PoIL-17(More)