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INTRODUCTION Rapamycin, an inhibitor of the serine/threonine kinase target of rapamycin, induces G1 arrest and/or apoptosis. Although rapamycin and its analogues are attractive candidates for cancer therapy, their sensitivities with respect to growth inhibition differ markedly among various cancer cells. Using human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 as an(More)
Cotylenin A, a novel inducer of the differentiation of leukemia cells, and IFN-alpha synergistically inhibited the growth of and induced apoptosis in several human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and its receptor DR5 were the early genes induced by the combination of cotylenin A and(More)
PURPOSE Retinoblastoma, a childhood cancer of the retina, is caused by inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene retinoblastoma (RB). Cotylenin A (CN-A), a novel fusicoccane-diterpene glycoside, accelerates the differentiation of several types of myeloid cell lines and is a candidate for a new type of anticancer therapeutic agent with this effect. However,(More)
Many clinically useful pharmaceuticals are semi-synthesized from natural products produced by actinobacteria and fungi. The synthetic protocols usually contain many complicated reaction steps and thereby result in low yields and high costs. It is therefore important to breed microorganisms that produce a compound most suitable for chemical synthesis. For a(More)
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