Learn More
INTRODUCTION Rapamycin, an inhibitor of the serine/threonine kinase target of rapamycin, induces G1 arrest and/or apoptosis. Although rapamycin and its analogues are attractive candidates for cancer therapy, their sensitivities with respect to growth inhibition differ markedly among various cancer cells. Using human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 as an(More)
Fusicoccins are a class of diterpene glucosides produced by the plant-pathogenic fungus Phomopsis amygdali. As modulators of 14-3-3 proteins, fusicoccins function as potent activators of plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase in plants and also exhibit unique biological activity in animal cells. Despite their well studied biological activities, no genes encoding(More)
Schizophrenia is believed to involve altered activation of dopamine receptors, and support for this hypothesis comes from the antipsychotic effect of antagonists of the dopamine D2 receptor (D2R). D2R is expressed most highly in the striatum, but most of the recent positron emission tomography (PET) studies have failed to show any change in D2R densities in(More)
Rice diterpenoid phytoalexins such as momilactones and phytocassanes are produced in suspension-cultured rice cells treated with a chitin oligosaccharide elicitor and in rice leaves irradiated with UV light. The common substrate geranylgeranyl diphosphate is converted into diterpene hydrocarbon precursors via a two-step sequential cyclization and then into(More)
Genes affecting acetylcholine (ACh) levels without influencing choline acetyltransferase activity have been identified in Caenorhabditis elegans. We have examined one such gene, unc-18. We isolated a transposon-insertion allele for unc-18 and used it to clone a genomic region containing the unc-18 locus. The unc-18 location within this region was determined(More)
Phenotypes of Caenorhabditis elegans unc-18 and unc-64 gene mutations are similar. While unc-18 is known to be essential for normal synaptic transmission (Hosono, R., Hekimi, S., Kamiya, Y., Sassa, T., Murakami, S., Nishiwaki, S., Miwa, J., Taketo, A., and Kodaira, K.-I. (1992) J. Neurochem. 58, 1517-1525), the function of unc-64 remains unclear. Here we(More)
Weight gain has been identified as being responsible for increased morbidity and mortality rates of schizophrenia patients. For the management of weight gain, exercise is one of the most acknowledged interventions. At the same time, exercise and sports have been recognized for their positive impact on psychiatric symptoms of schizophrenia. However, the(More)
Erinacines as cyathane-xylosides are known to have potent stimulating activity for nerve-growth-factor synthesis. Our search for new cyathane metabolites from a liquid culture of Hericium erinaceum YB4-6237 resulted in the isolation of a new erinacine named erinacine Q (1). NMR spectrometry and a chemical derivation from erinacine P (2) determined the(More)
Numerous studies using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) have detected signal changes in schizophrenia. However, most studies investigated relative concentrations such as N-acetylaspartate/creatine plus phosphocreatine (NAA/Cre) and choline-containing compounds/creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cho/Cre), and individual metabolite concentrations(More)
In our search for new cyathane metabolites related to the biosynthesis of erinacine Q in Hericium erinaceum, we isolated a novel cyatha-3,12-dien-14beta-ol named erinacol together with known 11-O-acetylcyathatriol (the erinacine Q aglycon) and new metabolite 11-O-acetylcyathin A(3) from the mycelial extract. The structure of each compound was determined by(More)