Takeshi Saraya

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation and/or airflow limitation due to pulmonary emphysema. Chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, and bronchial asthma may all be associated with airflow limitation; therefore, exacerbation of asthma may be associated with the pathophysiology of COPD. Furthermore,(More)
In conclusion, the increased risk of COPD but not lung cancer in patients with many autoimmune diseases suggests that the defined autoimmunity may predispose to COPD. Another possibility is that smoking is a risk factor for some of these autoimmune diseases and the effects on lung cancer cannot be recognised because of the small number of cases. This(More)
Recently, combination treatment with a macrolide and a steroid for Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) pneumonia has been reported to be effective. Thus, the effect of this combination on a mouse model of lung inflammation associated with Mp extract (the LIMEX mouse) was studied. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were induced in Mp(More)
For the purpose of nationwide surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from patients in Japan, the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy (JSC) started a survey in 2006. From 2009, JSC continued the survey in collaboration with the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases and the Japanese Society for Clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports have suggested an involvement of neutrophilic inflammation driven by interleukin (IL)-17 from Th17 cells, especially in severe, refractory asthma. It remains unknown about the possible interactions of this cytokine and other proinflammatory cytokines to direct neutrophilic airway inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated(More)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) may cause immune cell reactions as pivotal aspects of this clinically common respiratory pathogen. Our aim is to determine if Mp extract induces a cellular immune response associated with interleukin (IL)-17, leading to lung inflammation and lung injury. BALB/c mice were immunized with Mp extract intraperitoneally followed by its(More)
Human Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia is characterized by alveolar infiltration with neutrophils and lymphocytes and lymphocyte/plasma cell infiltrates in the peri-bronchovascular area (PBVA). No mouse model has been able to mimic the pathological features seen in human MP pneumonia, such as plasma cell-rich lymphocytic infiltration in PBVA. To figure(More)
Candida glabrata strains sequentially isolated from blood developed resistance to micafungin (MICs from <0.015 to 4 μg/ml). A novel mutation identified in micafungin-resistant strains at bp 262 of FKS2 (containing a deletion of F659 [F659del]) was inserted into the homologous region in FKS1.
A 92-year-old man who had been hospitalized for dementia developed sudden-onset bilious vomiting accompanied by a fever of 40 degrees C. Physical examination revealed an 8 cm diameter pulsatile mass in the upper abdomen. Computed tomography of the abdomen demonstrated a huge infrarenal saccular aneurysm with a lobulated appearance. We considered this to be(More)