Takeshi Sakuno

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Sister chromatid cohesion, mediated by a complex called cohesin, is crucial--particularly at centromeres--for proper chromosome segregation in mitosis and meiosis. In animal mitotic cells, phosphorylation of cohesin promotes its dissociation from chromosomes, but centromeric cohesin is protected by shugoshin until kinetochores are properly captured by the(More)
Chromosome structure is dynamically regulated during cell division, and this regulation is dependent, in part, on condensin. The localization of condensin at chromosome arms is crucial for chromosome partitioning during anaphase. Condensin is also enriched at kinetochores but its precise role and loading machinery remain unclear. Here we show that fission(More)
During meiosis, the cohesin complexes that maintain sister chromatid cohesion are lost in a stepwise manner. At meiosis I the cohesin subunit Rec8 is cleaved only along the chromosome arms; until meiosis II it is protected at centromeres by the action of shugoshin (Sgo1)–protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). Although this regulation hypothetically involves(More)
The centromere of a chromosome is composed mainly of two domains, a kinetochore assembling core centromere and peri-centromeric heterochromatin regions. The crucial role of centromeric heterochromatin is still unknown, because even in simpler unicellular organisms such as the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, the heterochromatin protein Swi6 (HP1(More)
mRNAs for cell wall-related enzymes in developing cotton fiber cells were measured by reverse transcription-PCR analysis. Both endo-1,4-beta-glucanase and expansin mRNA levels were high during cell elongation but decreased when cell elongation ceased, and xyloglucan decreased. The endo-1,3-beta-glucanase mRNA level was very low in the elongating cells but(More)
During cell division microtubules capture chromosomes by binding to the kinetochore assembled in the centromeric region of chromosomes. In mitosis sister chromatids are captured by microtubules emanating from both spindle poles, a process called bipolar attachment, whereas in meiosis I sisters are attached to microtubules originating from one spindle pole,(More)
Aberrant mRNAs containing premature termination codons (PTC-mRNAs) are degraded by a conserved surveillance system, referred to as the nonsense- mediated decay (NMD) pathway. Although NMD is reported to operate on the decapping and 5'-to-3' exonucleolytic decay of PTC-mRNAs without affecting deadenylation, a role for an opposite 3'-to-5' decay pathway(More)
The kinetochore is the crucial apparatus regulating chromosome segregation in mitosis and meiosis. Particularly in meiosis I, unlike in mitosis, sister kinetochores are captured by microtubules emanating from the same spindle pole (mono-orientation) and centromeric cohesion mediated by cohesin is protected in the following anaphase. Although meiotic(More)
Thirty-two protein phosphatase (PPase) genes were identified in the genome nucleotide sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We constructed S. cerevisiae disruptants for each of the PPase genes and examined their growth under various conditions. The disruptants of six putative PPase genes, i.e. of YBR125c, YCR079w, YIL113w, YJR110w, YNR022c and YOR090c, were(More)
In fission yeast, meiotic mono-orientation of sister kinetochores is established by cohesion at the core centromere, which is established by a meiotic cohesin complex and the kinetochore protein Moa1. The cohesin subunit Psm3 is acetylated by Eso1 and deacetylated by Clr6. We show that in meiosis, Eso1 is required for establishing core centromere cohesion(More)