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BACKGROUND The maze procedure is an effective way to treat atrial fibrillation (AF) associated with mitral valve disease. In a last several years, cryoablation was substituted for atrial incision in many reports to simplify the maze procedure. However, there has been no comparative study to delineate the feasibility of the use of cryoablation. METHODS AND(More)
OBJECTIVES Cardiac environmental factors are thought to be powerful inducers in cardiomyogenic differentiation. In this study we simulated the cardiac environment using coculture and evaluated the cardiomyogenic differentiation in bone marrow stromal cells. METHODS In group 1 only bone marrow stromal cells derived from transgenic mice expressing green(More)
OBJECTIVE Non-invasive diagnosis of rejection is a major objective in the management of heart transplant recipients. The ability of strain rate (SR) imaging on echocardiograms to detect rejection in heart transplant recipients was investigated. METHODS A total of 396 endomyocardial biopsies, right-heart catheterisation and echocardiograms were performed(More)
BACKGROUND Management of native aortic insufficiency (AI) during left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support is challenging. We investigated the occurrence of de novo AI during long-term LVAD support to identify its effect on late clinical and echocardiographic outcomes. METHODS Left ventricular assist devices were implanted in 99 patients with dilated(More)
BACKGROUND The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is recognized as an organelle that participates in folding secretory and membrane proteins. The ER responds to stress by upregulating ER chaperones, but prolonged and/or excess ER stress leads to apoptosis. However, the potential role of ER stress in pathophysiological hearts remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
AIMS The clinical outcome of severe acute myocarditis patients with cardiogenic shock who require circulatory support devices is not well known. We studied the survival and clinical courses of patients with fulminant myocarditis supported by percutaneous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and compared them with those of patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND The short-term clinical benefits of bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation have been shown in patients with critical limb ischemia. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation in patients with thromboangiitis obliterans. METHODS AND RESULTS Eleven limbs (3 with(More)
The technical developments and expanded indications for testicular sperm extraction (TESE) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) provide great advantages for patients with non-obstructive azoospermia. Such success, however, also means that genetic abnormalities in non-obstructive azoospermia can be transmitted to the next generation, demonstrating(More)
A total of 59 heart transplantations (HTx) have been performed in Japan as of September, 2008, since the Organ Transplantation Law was settled in October 1997. The majority of recipients were suffered from dilated cardiomyopathy and waiting condition of all recipients were status 1. The mean waiting time was 777 day; 50 patients (85%) were supported by(More)
BACKGROUND The obesity paradox has recently attracted considerable interest in the study of many diseases. In this investigation we examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and prognosis after left ventricular assist system (LVAS) implantation. METHODS We measured the BMI of 64 patients 3 months after LVAS implantation for end-stage heart(More)