Takeshi Nakano

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Two mechanisms are proposed to account for the inhibition of myosin phosphatase (MP) involved in Ca2+ sensitization of vascular muscle, ie, phosphorylation of either MYPT1, a target subunit of MP or CPI-17, an inhibitory phosphoprotein. In cultured vascular aorta smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), stimulation with angiotensin II activated RhoA, and this was(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a poor prognostic disease with limited treatment options. Rho-kinase is involved in the pathophysiology of several diseases underlying smooth muscle hypercontraction, so the purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, in patients with PAH. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that magnetic resonance (MR) imaging consistently underestimated angiographic measurements of left ventricular (LV) volumes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether MR imaging with steady-state free precession acquisition (SSFP) can provide improved accuracy and reproducibility in measuring cardiac function in(More)
Thrombosis is a very rare complication of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. We report the case of a previously healthy nine-year-old boy with cardiac thrombus in the right ventricle associated with M. pneumoniae pneumonia. This cardiac thrombus was detected eight days after the onset of respiratory symptoms. The mechanism underlying thrombosis may be related(More)
A 45-year-old Japanese woman with multiple sclerosis (MS) manifested hypersomnia in a relapse of MS. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed new bilateral hypothalamic lesions, and the hypocretin-1 level in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was significantly low. Methylprednisolone pulse treatment successfully resolved the hypersomnia and the left hypothalamic(More)
Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (ACEI) each act in a different manner to prevent myocardial fibrosis and left ventricular (LV) stiffness in animals with pathways in the heart for generating ANG II as well as ACE. A model of pacing-induced congestive heart failure (CHF) was used to test the central(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies demonstrated that low-dose dobutamine stress cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and delayed contrast-enhanced MRI can provide assessments of myocardial viability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comparative diagnostic values of dobutamine cine MRI and delayed contrast-enhanced MRI for predicting functional recovery(More)
To analyze the effect of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 118 on fish bone metabolism, we examined osteoclastic and osteoblastic activities, as well as plasma calcium levels, in the scales of PCB (118)-injected goldfish. In addition, effect of PCB (118) on osteoclasts and osteoblasts was investigated in vitro. Immature goldfish, in which the endogenous(More)
Matured oocytes of the annelidan worm Pseudopotamilla occelata are fertilized at the first metaphase of the meiotic division. During the activation by fertilizing spermatozoa, the mature oocyte shows a two-step intracellular Ca2+ increase. Whereas the first Ca2+ increase is localized and appears to utilize the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive(More)