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Stomatal pores surrounded by a pair of guard cells in the plant epidermis control gas exchange for photosynthesis in response to light, CO(2), and phytohormone abscisic acid. Phototropins (phot1 and phot2) are plant blue-light receptor kinases and mediate stomatal opening via activation of the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase. However, the signaling mechanism(More)
Several studies have shown that differences in lipid composition and in the lipid biosynthetic pathway affect the aluminium (Al) tolerance of plants, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying these differences. Phospholipids create a negative charge at the surface of the plasma membrane and enhance Al sensitivity as a result of the(More)
Plant steroid hormones, brassinosteroids, are essential for growth, development and responses to environmental stresses in plants. Although BR signaling proteins are localized in many organelles, i.e., the plasma membrane, nuclei, endoplasmic reticulum and vacuole, the details regarding the BR signaling pathway from perception at the cellular membrane(More)
Previous studies demonstrated that magnetic resonance (MR) imaging consistently underestimated angiographic measurements of left ventricular (LV) volumes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether MR imaging with steady-state free precession acquisition (SSFP) can provide improved accuracy and reproducibility in measuring cardiac function in(More)
Understanding the role of 'epigenetic' changes such as DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling has now become critical in understanding many biological processes. In order to delineate the global methylation pattern in a given genomic DNA, computer software has been developed to create a virtual image of restriction landmark genomic scanning (Vi-RLGS).(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies demonstrated that low-dose dobutamine stress cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and delayed contrast-enhanced MRI can provide assessments of myocardial viability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comparative diagnostic values of dobutamine cine MRI and delayed contrast-enhanced MRI for predicting functional recovery(More)
Plant hormone brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of polyhydroxylated steroids that play critical roles in regulating broad aspects of plant growth and development. The structural diversity of BRs is generated by the action of several groups of P450s. Brassinazole is a specific inhibitor of C-22 hydroxylase (CYP90B1) in BR biosynthesis, and the application(More)
The chloroplast is a photosynthetic organelle in plant cells. The development and function of the chloro-plast are regulated by plant hormones, particularly cytokinin as a positive regulator and brassinosteroid as a negative regulator. We would like to clarify the molecular mechanism of chloroplast development regulated by the two phytohormones, and(More)
A 45-year-old Japanese woman with multiple sclerosis (MS) manifested hypersomnia in a relapse of MS. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed new bilateral hypothalamic lesions, and the hypocretin-1 level in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was significantly low. Methylprednisolone pulse treatment successfully resolved the hypersomnia and the left hypothalamic(More)