Takeshi Nakanishi

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The green fluorescent protein (GFP) is responsible for the green bioluminescence of the jellyfish Aequorea victoria. Many classes of GFP mutants exist that display modified fluorescence spectra and an increased extinction coefficient. We produced transgenic mouse lines with an 'enhanced' GFP (EGFP) cDNA under the control of a chicken beta-actin promoter and(More)
We report here on the cloning and functional characterization of the protein responsible for the system A amino acid transport activity that is known to be expressed in most mammalian tissues. This transporter, designated ATA2 for amino acid transporter A2, was cloned from rat skeletal muscle. It is distinct from the neuron-specific glutamine transporter(More)
Clinical manifestations of 102 cases with the Crow- Fukase syndrome (the syndrome of polyneuropathy, anasarca, skin changes, endocrinopathy, dysglobulinemia, and organomegaly), with or without myeloma, were reviewed. Fifty-six cases with myeloma consisted of 31 with osteosclerotic, 17 with mixed osteosclerotic and osteolytic, and 8 with osteolytic.(More)
In the evolution of the adaptive immune system unique to vertebrates, teleost fish occupy the critical position. This is the most primitive class of lower vertebrates in which the capacity for acute allograft rejections can be demonstrated, thus suggesting the presence of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens and, therefore, T cells. Here, we(More)
Skin fibrotic disorders are understood to develop under the influence of some growth factors, such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), or connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). To establish an appropriate animal model of skin fibrosis by exogenous application of growth factors, we investigated the in vivo(More)
Recently, we cloned a messenger RNA (mRNA) predominantly expressed in chondrocytes from a human chondrosarcoma-derived chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8, by differential display PCR and found that its gene, named hcs24, was identical with that of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). Here we investigated CTGF/Hcs24 function in the chondrocytic cell line(More)
The genes encoding three RNases were cloned from the style of a self-incompatible cultivar, Nijisseiki (S2S4), and its self-compatible mutant, Osa-Nijisseiki (S2S4sm, sm means stylar part mutant), of Japanese pear. For Nijisseiki, cDNAs coding for two S-RNase (S2-RNase and S4-RNase) and an RNase unrelated to self-incompatibility (non-S-RNase) were cloned(More)
Xenopus laevis oocytes were used as a gene expression system to characterize the carrier-mediated transport of valacyclovir (vacv), the L-valine ester prodrug of the acyclic nucleoside acyclovir (acv). A significant increase in the uptake of [3H]vacv by Xenopus laevis oocytes injected with human intestinal peptide transporter (hPepT1) cRNA compared to the(More)
A family of five subtypes of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) has been identified based on their molecular structures and second signal transduction pathways. In the present study, we examined the antagonist binding profiles of 9 muscarinic antagonists (atropine, 4-DAMP, pirenzepine, oxybutynin, tiquizium, timepidium, propiverine, darifenacin and(More)
We produced transgenic mouse lines that accumulate mutated green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in sperm acrosome, a membrane limited organelle overlying the nucleus. The sperm showed normal fertilizing ability and the integrity of their acrosome was easily examined in a non-invasive manner by tracing the GFP in individual 'live' sperm with fluorescent(More)