Takeshi Nabe

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In the majority of the models of experimental allergic rhinitis, antigen challenge has been performed by single topical instillation or perfusion with the solution. The present study was performed to establish a good model using Japanese cedar pollen, which is able to repeatedly induce allergy restricted to the upper airway. Guinea pigs sensitized with the(More)
We examined whether nasal hyperresponsiveness to leukotriene (LT) D4 is seen in our allergic rhinitis model, which showed sneezing and biphasic nasal blockage by repeated antigen inhalation challenge, and whether a dilatation of mucosal blood vessels contributes to this hyperresponsiveness. Nasal blockage [increase of specific airway resistance (sRaw)] was(More)
Interleukin (IL)-33, a member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, is produced when epithelial and endothelial cells are exposed to stimuli. Hematopoietic cells such as macrophages also produce IL-33. IL-33 is considered to function as an 'alarmin', activating various immune cells through its receptor ST2, which leads to the production of various molecules. The(More)
Allergen-specific IgE has long been regarded as a major molecular component of allergic asthma. Additionally, there is increasing evidence of the important roles of interleukin-33 (IL-33) in the disease. Here, we show that IL-33 and alveolar macrophages play essential roles in the exacerbation of IgE-mediated airway inflammation and remodelling. BALB/c mice(More)
To investigate mechanisms underlying the late asthmatic response, we developed a murine model using repetitive intratracheal antigen challenge. BALB/c mice sensitized by i.p. injection with ovalbumin+alum were challenged with ovalbumin intratracheally 4 times. The 1st challenge induced early airway obstruction peaking at 30 min but without a late response;(More)
Neutrophilic airway inflammation is a hallmark of patients with severe asthma. Although we have reported that both IL-33 and IL-17A contributed to IgE-mediated neutrophilic inflammation in mice, the relationship remains unclear. In this article, we examined how IL-17A modifies IL-33-induced neutrophilic inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR).(More)
BACKGROUND A toluene-2,4-diisocyanate (TDI)-induced asthma model, in which delayed-type hypersensitivity-like asthmatic airway obstruction is elicited restrictively in the lung, has never been developed. METHODS Guinea pigs were percutaneously sensitized with TDI. For the challenges, once every 2 weeks for a total of 5 times, TDI mists were delivered(More)
Nasal hyperresponsiveness is one of the characteristic features of the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis. This study examined whether repetitive inhalation of antigen (Japanese cedar pollen) led to the development of nasal hyperresponsiveness to histamine in sensitized conscious guinea-pigs. Guinea-pigs were repeatedly challenged by pollen inhalation once(More)
We have developed an allergic rhinitis model in guinea pigs using Japanese cedar pollen as antigen. In the present study, we examined whether provocation by pollen induces similar magnitudes of rhinitis symptoms in passively and actively sensitized guinea pigs. One group of animals was actively sensitized by intranasal application of pollen extract, and(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic airway eosinophilia is suppressed by cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) receptor (CysLT1 receptor) antagonists in several species including humans and guinea-pigs, suggesting that CysLTs are directly or indirectly involved in induction of the response. OBJECTIVE We examined the effect of CysLT antagonists (pranlukast and MCI-826) on antigen(More)