Takeshi Kurosawa

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The thioredoxin (Trx) system, comprising Trx, the selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), and NADPH, functions as an antioxidant system. Trx has various biological activities including growth control and anti-apoptotic properties, and the Trx system offers a target for the development of drugs to treat and/or prevent cancer. We evaluated the role of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cinacalcet is effective in reducing serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, it has not been proven whether parathyroid gland size predicts response to therapy and whether cinacalcet is capable of inducing a reduction in parathyroid volume. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
BACKGROUND Although attention has recently focused on electrolyte-free water clearance (E-CH2O) as a replacement for solute-free water clearance (CH2O), especially from the viewpoint of plasma sodium regulation, a thorough comparison of the two has yet to be conducted. METHODS CH2O and E-CH2O were systematically compared in normal subjects in different(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of a small volume of hypertonic solution has been used as an effective treatment for patients with intradialytic hypotension. Hypertonic solutions have been considered to act as plasma volume expanders. This clinical study examines whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) is involved in this mechanism of blood pressure control. STUDY(More)
In 1994, the water quality standard of dialysate and substitution fluid for on-line HDF was established by the Kyushu Society for HDF. On the other hand, with the widespread use of high-flux membrane, reverse filtration and reverse diffusion became evident, and purification of the dialysate has become essential even for usual hemodialysis. By using(More)
Advancement in blood purification therapy extends not only to consoles and dialyzers, but also to patient management during blood purification therapy. However, no monitor has been devised for hemodynamics during blood purification therapy that is carried out continuously and non-invasively. By studying the laser Doppler flowmeter (LDF), we have developed a(More)
BACKGROUND Intradialytic hypotension is the most common and severe acute complication of hemodialysis therapy. In our previous study, infusion of 20 mL of 10% saline into the venous line of a dialyzer increased blood pressure during dialysis hypotension by stimulating arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion, independent of its effect on plasma volume (PV).(More)
Stimulation of L929 cells with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) caused cell death accompanied by a release of arachidonic acid (AA). Although the inhibition of caspases has been shown to cause necrosis in TNFalpha-treated L929 cells, its role in the TNFalpha-induced release of AA has not been elucidated. The release of AA is tightly regulated by(More)
A 47-year-old-man was referred for treatment for end-stage renal failure. He had been diagnosed with type II adult onset osteopetrosis before the deterioration of his renal function. He presented with anaemia, severe hypocalcaemia, secondary hyperparathyroidism and azotaemia. An iliac bone biopsy revealed increased bone volume, disturbed osteoid(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the serious complications in patients with chronic kidney disease. Parathyroid glands secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH), stimulated partly by hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia complicating chronic kidney disease (CKD). Use of a calcium-based phosphate binder might be sufficient to reduce serum PTH levels in(More)