Takeshi Kurita

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Progesterone receptor (PR) mediates the actions of the ovarian steroid progesterone, which together with estradiol regulates gonadotropin secretion, prepares the endometrium for implantation, maintains pregnancy, and differentiates breast tissue. Separation of estrogen and progesterone actions in hormone-responsive tissues remains a challenge. Pathologies(More)
During organogenesis, the middle to caudal portion of Müllerian epithelium differentiates into uterine and vaginal epithelia in females. Functional differentiation of uterine and vaginal epithelia occurs in adulthood, and is regulated by 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) and progesterone. In this report, the roles of mesenchyme/stroma in differentiation of uterine(More)
The transcription factor p63 is important in the development of the skin as p63-null mice exhibit striking defects in embryonic epidermal morphogenesis. Understanding the mechanisms that underlie this phenotype is complicated by the existence of multiple p63 isoforms, including TAp63 and ΔNp63. To investigate the role of ΔNp63 in epidermal morphogenesis we(More)
This review on normal and neoplastic growth of the prostate emphasizes the importance of epithelial-mesenchymal/stromal interactions. Accordingly, during prostatic development urogenital sinus mesenchyme (a) specifies prostatic epithelial identity, (b) induces epithelial bud formation, (c) elicits prostatic bud growth and regulates ductal branching, (d)(More)
BACKGROUND Uterine leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor in reproductive-age women. Each leiomyoma is thought to be a benign monoclonal tumor arising from a single transformed myometrial smooth muscle cell; however, it is not known what leiomyoma cell type is responsible for tumor growth. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that a distinct stem/reservoir(More)
Steroid sex hormones (17beta-estradiol, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and progesterone) and aryl hydrocarbons such as the dioxins regulate epithelial proliferation and secretory protein production and differentiation in their respective target organs in male and female urogenital tracts and mammary glands. Recent evidence has demonstrated that(More)
Women exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES) in utero develop abnormalities, including cervicovaginal adenosis that can lead to cancer. We report that transient disruption of developmental signals by DES permanently changes expression of p63, thereby altering the developmental fate of Müllerian duct epithelium. The cell fate of Müllerian epithelium to be(More)
Uterine leiomyomata (ULs) represent the most common tumor in women and can cause abnormal uterine bleeding, large pelvic masses, and recurrent pregnancy loss. Although the dependency of UL growth on ovarian steroids is well established, the relative contributions of 17beta-estradiol and progesterone are yet to be clarified. Conventionally, estradiol has(More)
In males, androgens are essential in maintaining the integrity of the prostate. Androgen-ablation induces apoptosis of the prostatic epithelium. In females, ovariectomy induces apoptosis in uterine epithelium while progesterone inhibits this process. The objective of this study was to determine whether androgen and progesterone inhibit apoptosis,(More)
Regulation of progesterone receptor (PR) by estradiol-17beta (E(2)) in mouse uterine and vaginal epithelia was studied. In ovariectomized mice, PR expression was low in both vaginal stroma and epithelium, but high in uterine epithelium. E(2) induced PR in vaginal epithelium and stroma, but down-regulated PR in uterine epithelium. Analysis of estrogen(More)