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To elucidate the role of PTH in postmenopausal bone loss, we studied 33 postmenopausal patients who received total thyroidectomy due to thyroid carcinoma. Among these patients, 13 were patients with hypoparathyroid function (HPf), and 20 retained normal parathyroid function (NPf) after thyroidectomy. Bone mineral density (BMD), the rate of BMD loss, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteopenia is an important feature of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP). However, little is known about the change of bone mineral density (BMD) in PHP after surgery. The aim was to investigate the mechanisms of increased BMD after parathyroidectomy in patients with PHP. DESIGN Prospective observational study. PATIENTS Ten patients with PHP (7(More)
Our recent work demonstrated functional Fas expression on human osteoblasts, and the histologic examination of the periarticular osteoporosis region in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) showed apoptosis in osteoblasts. High concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and IL-6--which are thought to increase(More)
This preliminary study was undertaken to investigate the efficacy of high-dose iv methylprednisolone pulse therapy in 5 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. One gram of methylprednisolone sodium succinate was given iv daily for 3 successive days. The 3-day infusion was repeated 3 to 7 times at intervals of 1 week; total duration of pulse therapy was 3 to 7(More)
12 of 17, a significant frequency (71%), of untreated Graves' disease patients with no clinical ophthalmopathy showed extraocular muscle (EOM) enlargement by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Enlargement was bilateral in 41% and unilateral in 29% in these patients. Apparent enlargements of EOM were also detected, by MRI, in all of 11 Graves' disease(More)
We investigated the cellular and humoral interactions between peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and human osteoblasts, leading to apoptosis of osteoblasts. Human osteoblastic cell line MG63 and human primary osteoblast-like cells obtained from biopsy specimens were used in this study. PBMCs were isolated from healthy donors and cultured with or(More)
We developed a new ultrasonic scanner for the thyroid and, in this study, the estimated volumes of the thyroids by this scanner were compared with the weights of those obtained at operation. In this ultrasonic scanner, an annular array transducer was employed instead of the conventional single element concave transducer. The distance of the focused area by(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) in human thyroid tissues. The presence of PTHrP was studied immunohistochemically in 107 consecutive patients with human thyroid tumours. PTHrP expression was revealed in 97.6 per cent of carcinomas, but not in paranodal normal thyroid epithelial cells.(More)
The fluorine introduced analog of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3], 26,26,26,27,27,27-hexafluoro-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [26,27-F6-1,25-(OH)2D3] is 5-10 times more potent than 1,25-(OH)2D3 in vitamin D-deficient rats and chicks. In this study we established cultures of human bone cells in order to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the higher(More)