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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) belongs to a family of neurotrophic factors and has been demonstrated to promote the survival, differentiation, and maintenance of a broad variety of central nervous system neurons. Several reports have suggested that the BDNF gene is a plausible functional candidate gene underlying the predisposition for developing(More)
Neurodevelopmental abnormalities have been reported in studies on the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. The Wnt-signaling pathway has been implicated in a variety of processes in neurodevelopment, and the frizzled proteins have been identified as receptors for Wnt ligands. Of the frizzled proteins, frizzled-3 (FZD3) is required for formation of the neural(More)
D2-like receptors are key targets for methamphetamine in the CNS, and their activation is an initial and indispensable effect in the induction of dependence and psychosis. It is possible that genetic variants of D2-like receptors may affect individual susceptibility to methamphetamine dependence and psychosis. To test this hypothesis, 6 putatively(More)
Several genetic studies have revealed that bipolar disorders are linked with the chromosomal locus of 15q11-q13, where the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor alpha5 subunit gene (GABRA5) locates. GABA is one of the major neurotransmitters that may be involved in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder. Five polymorphisms in the GABRA5 gene, -754C>T in the(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence have supported possible roles of the sigma receptors in the etiology of schizophrenia and mechanisms of antipsychotic efficacy. An association study provided genetic evidence that the sigma receptor type 1 gene (SIGMAR1) was a possible susceptibility factor for schizophrenia, however, it was not replicated by a(More)
We report a case of 68-year-old woman who was diagnosed spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA 6) by genomic testing. She presented hypochondriasis, parkinsonism, and ataxia. Since the age of 60, she noted difficulty in walking due to dizziness, and MRI showed minimal cerebellar atrophy. She became unable to walk without assistance at the age 67. She was(More)
Several susceptibility loci for both of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BPD) have been found to overlap on several chromosomes including 8p21. Expression of dihydropyrimidinase-related protein 2 (DRP-2), which gene is located on 8p21, was found to be reduced in the brains of individuals with schizophrenia and BPD. Recently, we demonstrated a significant(More)
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