Learn More
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that tonsilloliths are clinically related to halitosis and tonsillar abscess. Based on our empirical knowledge, tonsilloliths are relatively commonly encountered in daily clinical practice. It has been reported that the detection rate of tonsilloliths was under 24% in previous reports, although experience suggests(More)
Mechanical stress is known to be important for regulation of bone turnover, though the detailed mechanisms are not fully understood. In the present study, we examined the effect of mechanical stress on osteoblasts using a novel compression model. Mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were embedded in three-dimensional (3D) gels and cultured with continuous(More)
Aggrecan degradation is considered to play a key role in the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Aggrecanases are members of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) family, and degrade aggrecan in OA cartilage. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanisms of expression of ADAMTS4 induced by IL-1β in human(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential morphologic risk factors for postoperative neurosensory disturbance (NSD) after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study subjects were 30 skeletal Class III patients (9 males and 21 females), with a mean age of 22.0 years (range, 16-39 years). All patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Activin-A, a member of the TGF-β family, is known to be present in bone and cartilage. Although, involvement of the TGF-β family in chondrogenesis has been reported, the mechanism by which activin-A regulates chondrogenesis has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of activin-A on chondrocyte(More)
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a recently discovered proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 family. Several studies have reported that IL-33 inhibits osteoclast differentiation. However, the mechanism of IL-33 regulation of osteoclastogenesis remains unclear. In the present study, we examined the effect of IL-33 on osteoclast formation in vitro. IL-33(More)
Heparin displays several types of biological activities by binding to various extracellular molecules, including pivotal roles in bone metabolism. We have previously reported that heparin competitively inhibits the binding activity of bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP-2) to BMP and the BMP receptor (BMPR) and suppresses BMP-2 osteogenic activity. In the(More)
The present study evaluated the use of this self-activated shape memory alloy (SMA) device, with a focus on its effects in the region under the periosteum. Twelve Japanese white rabbits were used in this study. The device was inserted under the periosteum at the forehead. In the experimental group, the device was pushed, bent, and attached to the bone(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscope-assisted transoral open reduction and internal fixation (EAORIF) for mandibular condyle fractures has recently become popular because it is minimally invasive, provides excellent visibility without a large incision, and reduces surgical scarring and the risk of facial nerve injury. This report describes a retrospective clinical study(More)
There are numerous treatment modalities for mandibular defects after tumor surgery. Autogenous particulate cancellous bone marrow graft combined with titanium mesh (PCBM-MESH) is an alternative procedure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate PCBM-MESH for mandibular reconstruction. There were a total of 10 cases from 2000 to 2011. Mandibles were(More)