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BACKGROUND In 2002 the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) defined seven specific entities, and provided standardized terminology and diagnostic criteria. In addition, the historical "gold standard" of histologic diagnosis was replaced by a multidisciplinary approach.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the usefulness of a commercially available computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system that incorporates temporal subtraction for the detection of solitary pulmonary nodules on chest radiographs by readers with different levels of experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty pairs of chest radiographs in 30 patients with newly detected solitary(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We evaluated the effects of varying tube voltage, current per rotation, and section thickness on detectability of 2- and 4-Hounsfield unit (HU) differences on brain CT between normal and ischemic gray matter within 6 hours of ischemia onset, by using a low-contrast phantom. METHODS The phantom with an attenuation of 36 HU(More)
The goals of this study were (1) to evaluate the quality of compressed lung CT images obtained using high resolution CT (HRCT: 2 mm slice thickness) for degree of compression and conventional CT (10 mm slice thickness) images by using physical and subjective evaluations, and (2) to analyze the distortion of density distribution on lung CT images using(More)
The aim of the present study was to propose suitable display functions for CT image representation on liquid crystal display (LCD) monitors by analyzing the characteristics of the monitor's typical display functions using psychophysical analysis. The luminance of the LCD monitor was adjusted to a maximum of 275 cd/m2 and 480 cd/m2. Three types of(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether the extent of fibroproliferative changes on high-resolution CT (HRCT) scan influences prognosis, ventilator dependency and the associated outcomes in patients with early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN A prospective observational cohort study. SETTING Intensive care unit in a teaching hospital. (More)
A similarity measure for nonrigid volume registration with known joint distribution of a targeted tissue is developed to process tissue slide at the boundaries between the targeted and non-targeted tissues. Pre-segmentation of the targeted tissue is unnecessary. This measure is applied to registering volumes acquired at different time-phases in dynamic CT(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the risk factors and prognosis associated with acute exacerbation (AE) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD). DESIGN A retrospective case-control study. SETTING A single academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS 51 consecutive patients diagnosed with RA-ILD between 1995 and 2012. All(More)